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    ASTM D1037 - 12(2020)

    Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D1037 | Developed by Subcommittee: D07.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.10

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 These test methods cover small-specimen tests for wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are made to provide:

    3.2 Data for comparing the mechanical and physical properties of various materials,

    3.3 Data for determining the influence on the basic properties of such factors as raw material and processing variables, post-treatments of panels, and environmental influences, and

    3.4 Data for manufacturing control, product research and development, and specification acceptance.

    3.5 Not all the tests outlined in these test methods may be necessary to evaluate any particular panel for any specified use. In each instance, therefore, it will be necessary to determine which tests shall be made.

    1. Scope

    1.1 Part A—General Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials—These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are produced as mat-formed panels such as particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, hardboard, and oriented strand board.



    Significance and Use




    Test Specimens


    Moisture Content and Conditioning Requirements


    Accelerated Aging


    Size, Physical Properties and Appearance of Panels


    Static Bending


    Tension Parallel to Surface


    Tension Perpendicular to Surface


    Compression Parallel to Surface


    Fastener Holding Tests:


     Lateral Nail Resistance


     Nail Withdrawal


     Nail-Head Pull-Through


     Direct Screw Withdrawal




    Hardness Modulus


    Shear in the Plane of the Panel


    Glue-Line Shear (Block Type)


    Falling Ball Impact


    Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester


    Moisture Tests:


     Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling


     Linear Expansion with Change in Moisture Content


    Cupping and Twisting


    Interlaminar Shear


    Edgewise Shear




    1.2 Part B—Acceptance and Specification Test Methods for Hardboard—The methods for Part B provide test procedures for measuring the following properties of hardboard:





    Modulus of Rupture


    Tension Strength Parallel to Surface


    Tension Strength Perpendicular to Surface


    Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling


    Moisture Content and Specific Gravity


    1.3 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents are approximate in many cases. 1 in. = 25.4 mm, 1 lbf = 4.45 N.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C273 Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials

    D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber

    D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading

    D1554 Terminology Relating to Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

    D2395 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    D2915 Practice for Sampling and Data-Analysis for Structural Wood and Wood-Based Products

    D3043 Test Methods for Structural Panels in Flexure

    D3501 Test Methods for Wood-Based Structural Panels in Compression

    D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Based Materials

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D1037-12R20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1037-12(2020), Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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