Standard Historical Last Updated: Nov 12, 2020
ASTM D1037-12

Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

Significance and Use

These test methods cover small-specimen tests for wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are made to provide:

Data for comparing the mechanical and physical properties of various materials,

Data for determining the influence on the basic properties of such factors as raw material and processing variables, post-treatments of panels, and environmental influences, and

Data for manufacturing control, product research and development, and specification acceptance.

Not all the tests outlined in these test methods may be necessary to evaluate any particular panel for any specified use. In each instance, therefore, it will be necessary to determine which tests shall be made.

Scope

1.1 Part AGeneral Test Methods for Evaluating the Basic Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials. These test methods cover the determination of the properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials that are produced as mat-formed panels such as particleboard, medium-density fiberboard, hardboard, and oriented strand board.

Section
Significance and Use3
Apparatus4
Test Specimens5
Moisture Content and Conditioning Requirements6
Accelerated Aging7
Size, Physical Properties and Appearance of Panels8
Static Bending9
Tension Parallel to Surface10
Tension Perpendicular to Surface11
Compression Parallel to Surface12
Fastener Holding Tests:
Lateral Nail Resistance13
Nail Withdrawal14
Nail-Head Pull-Through15
Direct Screw Withdrawal16
Hardness17
Hardness Modulus18
Shear in the Plane of the Panel19
Glue-Line Shear (Block Type)20
Falling Ball Impact21
Abrasion Resistance by the U.S. Navy Wear Tester22
Moisture Tests:
Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling23
Linear Expansion with Change in Moisture Content24
Cupping and Twisting25
Interlaminar Shear26
Edgewise Shear27
Compression-Shear28

1.2 Part BAcceptance and Specification Test Methods for Hardboard. The methods for Part B provide test procedures for measuring the following properties of hardboard:

Section
Thickness32
Modulus of Rupture33
Tension Strength Parallel to Surface34
Tension Strength Perpendicular to Surface35
Water Absorption and Thickness Swelling36
Moisture Content and Specific Gravity37

1.3 There are accepted basic test procedures for various fundamental properties of materials that may be used without modification for evaluating certain properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials. These test methods are included elsewhere in the Annual Book of ASTM Standards. The pertinent ones are listed in Table 1. A few of the test methods referenced are for construction where the wood-base materials often are used.

1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI equivalents are approximate in many cases. 1 in. = 25.4 mm, 1 lbf = 4.45 N.

1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

TABLE 1 Basic Test Procedures for Evaluating Properties of Wood Base-Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

ASTM
Designation
Test Methods for
C177Steady-State Heat-Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate ApparatusA
C209Cellulosic Fiber Insulating BoardA
C236Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of the Guarded Hot BoxA
C384Impedance and Absorption of Acoustical Materials by the Imped-
ance Tube MethodA
C423Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Re-
verberation Room MethodA
D149Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Elec-
trical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power FrequenciesB
D150A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating MaterialsB
D257D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating MaterialsB
D495High-Voltage, Low-Current, Dry Arc Resistance of Solid Electrical InsulationB
D1666Conducting Machining Tests of Wood and Wood-Base MaterialsC
D1761Mechanical Fasteners in WoodC
E72Conducting Strength Tests of Panels for Building ConstructionD
E84Surface Burning Characteristics of Building MaterialsD
E90Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building PartitionsA
E96Water Vapor Transmission of MaterialsA
E97Directional Reflectance Factor, 45-deg 0-deg, of Opaque Specimens by Broad-Band Filter ReflectometryE
E119Fire Tests of Building Construction and MaterialsD
E136Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°CD
E152Fire Tests of Door AssembliesD
E162Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy SourceD
E661Performance of Wood and Wood-Based Floor and Roof Sheathing Under Concentrated Static and Impact LoadsD
E662Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid MaterialsD
E906Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Prod-
uctsD

A Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.06.

B Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 10.01.

C Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.10.

D Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 04.07.

E Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02.

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Details
Book of Standards Volume: 04.10
Developed by Subcommittee: D07.03
Pages: 32
DOI: 10.1520/D1037-12
ICS Code: 79.040