Significance and Use
3.1 The availability of a standard procedure, standard material, and a standard plot should make it easy for an investigator to check his techniques. This should lead to polarization curves in the literature which can be compared with confidence.
3.2 Samples of a standard ferritic Type 430 stainless steel (UNS S43000) used in obtaining standard reference plot are available for those who wish to check their own test procedure and equipment.
3.3 Standard potentiodynamic polarization plots are shown for a lot of material originally purchased in 1992. This test method is not applicable for standard material purchased before 1992. These reference data are based on the results from different laboratories that followed the standard procedure, using that material in 1.0 N H2SO4. The four sigma probability bands for current density values are shown at each potential to indicate the acceptable range of values.
3.4 This test method may not be appropriate for polarization testing of all materials or in all environments.
3.5 This test method is intended for use in evaluating the accuracy of a given electrochemical test apparatus, not for use in evaluating materials performance. Therefore, the use of the plots in Fig. 1 is not recommended to evaluate alloys other than Type 430, or lots of Type 430 other than those available through Metal Samples. The use of the data in this test method in this manner is beyond the scope and intended use of this test method. Users of this test method are advised to evaluate test results relative to the scatter bands corresponding to the particular lot of Type 430 stainless steel that was tested.
CURRENT DENSITY (μA/cm2)
FIG. 1 Typical Standard Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Plot
1.1 This test method covers an experimental procedure for checking experimental technique and instrumentation. If followed, this test method will provide repeatable potentiodynamic anodic polarization measurements that will reproduce data determined by others at other times and in other laboratories provided all laboratories are testing reference samples from the same lot of Type 430 stainless steel.
1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E1338 Guide for Identification of Metals and Alloys in Computerized Material Property Databases
G3 Practice for Conventions Applicable to Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing
G107 Guide for Formats for Collection and Compilation of Corrosion Data for Metals for Computerized Database Input
anodic polarization; electrochemical testing; pitting; potentiodynamic; sulfuric acid; Type 430 stainless steel;
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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