Significance and Use
3.1 The availability of a standard procedure, standard material, and a standard plot should make it easy for an investigator to check his techniques. This should lead to polarization curves in the literature which can be compared with confidence.
3.2 Samples of a standard ferritic Type 430 stainless steel (UNS S43000) used in obtaining standard reference plot are available for those who wish to check their own test procedure and equipment.
3.3 Standard potentiodynamic polarization plots are shown for a lot of material originally purchased in 1992. This reference test method is not applicable for standard material purchased before 1992. These reference data are based on the results from different laboratories that followed the standard procedure, using that material in 1.0 N H2SO4. The four sigma probability bands for current density values are shown at each potential to indicate the acceptable range of values.
3.4 This reference test method may not be appropriate for polarization testing of all materials or in all environments.
3.5 This reference test method is intended for use in evaluating the accuracy of a given electrochemical test apparatus, not for use in evaluating materials performance. Therefore, the use of the plots in is not recommended to evaluate alloys other than Type 430, or lots of Type 430 other than those available through Metal Samples. The use of the data in this reference test method in this manner is beyond the scope and intended use of this reference test method. Users of this reference test method are advised to evaluate test results relative to the scatter bands corresponding to the particular lot of Type 430 stainless steel that was tested.
FIG. 1 Typical Standard Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Plot
1.1 This reference test method covers an experimental procedure for checking experimental technique and instrumentation. If followed, this reference test method will provide repeatable potentiodynamic anodic polarization measurements that will reproduce data determined by others at other times and in other laboratories provided all laboratories are testing reference samples from the same lot of Type 430 stainless steel.
1.2 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.