Whether the National standardizing bodies are independent, quasi-government, or government sponsored depends upon the type of government in the countries, and we would find then that in the democratic countries the responsibility for supporting a national standards group would rest upon industry and individuals, whereas in a country where the state controls industry, then the standards activities would be largely state sponsored. It is of interest to note that in connection with the Inter-American Conference on Standards held in Brazil in September 1957, with one exception everyone strongly supported the statement that, in general, national standardizing bodies should be independent. However, in deference to one country, there was a special note included, indicating that where for various reasons it was necessary that the government initiate and sponsor a standards body, it should, as soon as possible be turned over to industry and the engineering and scientific groups for operation and support.
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