Standard Active Last Updated: Aug 03, 2023 Track Document
ASTM E1799-12(2023)

Standard Practice for Visual Inspections of Photovoltaic Modules

Standard Practice for Visual Inspections of Photovoltaic Modules E1799-12R23 ASTM|E1799-12R23|en-US Standard Practice for Visual Inspections of Photovoltaic Modules Standard new BOS Vol. 12.02 Committee E44
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Significance and Use

4.1 Environmental stress tests, such as those listed in 1.2, are normally used to evaluate module designs prior to production or purchase. These test methods rely on performing electrical tests and visual inspections of modules before and after stress testing to determine the effects of the exposures.

4.2 Effects of environmental stress testing may vary from no effects to significant changes. Some physical changes in the module may be visible when there are no measurable electrical changes. Similarly, electrical changes in the module may occur with no visible changes.

4.3 It is the intent of this practice to provide a recognized procedure for performing visual inspections and to specify effects that should be reported.

4.4 Many of these effects are subjective. In order to determine if a module has passed a visual inspection, the user of this practice must specify what changes or conditions are acceptable. The user may have to judge whether changes noted during an inspection will limit the useful life of a module design.


1.1 This practice covers procedures and criteria for visual inspections of photovoltaic modules.

1.2 Visual inspections of photovoltaic modules are normally performed before and after modules have been subjected to environmental, electrical, or mechanical stress testing, such as thermal cycling, humidity-freeze cycling, damp heat exposure, ultraviolet exposure, mechanical loading, hail impact testing, outdoor exposure, or other stress testing that may be part of the photovoltaic module testing sequence.

1.3 This practice does not establish pass or fail levels. The determination of acceptable or unacceptable results is beyond the scope of this practice.

1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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Book of Standards Volume: 12.02
Developed by Subcommittee: E44.09
Pages: 2
DOI: 10.1520/E1799-12R23
ICS Code: 27.160