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Exposure to X-ray and gamma-ray radiation profoundly alters the thermal stability and decomposition characteristics of ammonium perchlorate in the solid state. The radiation-induced changes in chemical reactivity were revealed by investigations involving thermogravimetric experiments and differential thermal analysis, where temperature is increased continuously at a constant rate, isothermal rate studies as a function of temperature, hot stage microscopic and X-ray diffraction studies, and electron spin resonance. This paper presents both a review and evaluation of recent investigations and new experimental results and interpretations of the reaction mechanisms.
Freeman, E. S.
Illinois Institute of Technology Research Inst., Chicago, Ill.
Anderson, D. A.
Pyrotechnics Laboratory, Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, N. J.