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    Radiation-Induced Changes in Reactivity of Ammonium Perchlorate

    Published: 01 January 1964

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    Exposure to X-ray and gamma-ray radiation profoundly alters the thermal stability and decomposition characteristics of ammonium perchlorate in the solid state. The radiation-induced changes in chemical reactivity were revealed by investigations involving thermogravimetric experiments and differential thermal analysis, where temperature is increased continuously at a constant rate, isothermal rate studies as a function of temperature, hot stage microscopic and X-ray diffraction studies, and electron spin resonance. This paper presents both a review and evaluation of recent investigations and new experimental results and interpretations of the reaction mechanisms.

    Author Information:

    Freeman, E. S.
    Illinois Institute of Technology Research Inst., Chicago, Ill.

    Anderson, D. A.
    Pyrotechnics Laboratory, Picatinny Arsenal, Dover, N. J.

    Committee/Subcommittee: E10.07

    DOI: 10.1520/STP45821S