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Resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS) has been used as a diagnostic for interrogating optical damage events. RIMS involves multistep laser photoionization, generally through real intermediate states, followed by mass separation and detection. It is a sensitive and selective means of detection, and has the potential for detection of ultratrace inclusions in substrates and/or coatings.
In initial experiments, damage on uncoated CaF2 substrates was initiated by pulses of 1.06-μm light from a Q-switched Nd+3:YAG laser. Interrogation of the spalled plume revealed CaF radicals only when damage events occurred. No Ca atoms were observed, and no attempt was made to detect F atoms or CaF2. In subsequent experiments conducted at laser intensities below the damage threshold, we observed the presence of surface adsorbents and a correlation between the presence of the adsorbents and the occurrence of optical damage.
calcium fluoride, laser-induced damage, optical damage, photoionization, resonance ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS)
Fort Lewis College, Durango, Colorado
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico