ASTM D4057-95(2000)

    Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 18 $67.00   ADD TO CART


    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers procedures for manually obtaining representative samples of petroleum products of a liquid, semi-liquid, or solid state whose vapor pressure at ambient conditions is below 101 kPa (14.7 psia). If sampling is for the precise determination of volatility, use Practice D5842 in conjunction with this practice. For sample mixing and handling of samples, refer to Practice D5854. The practice does not cover sampling of electrical insulating oils and hydraulic fluids. A summary of the manual sampling procedures and their applications is presented in Table 1.

    Note 1-The procedures described in this method may also be applicable in sampling most noncorrosive liquid industrial chemicals, provided that all safety precautions specific to these chemicals are strictly followed. Note 2-The procedure for sampling liquified petroleum gases is described in Practice D1265; the procedure for sampling fluid power hydraulic fluids is covered in ANSI B93.19 and B93.44; the procedure for sampling insulating oils is described in Test Method D923; and the procedure for sampling natural gas is described in Test Method D1145. Note 3-The procedure for special fuel samples for trace metal analysis is described in an appendix to Specification D2880.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products

    D140 Practice for Sampling Asphalt Materials

    D217 Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease

    D244 Test Methods and Practices for Emulsified Asphalts

    D268 Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material

    D287 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

    D323 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D473 Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the Extraction Method (API MPMS Chapter 10.1)

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D977 Specification for Emulsified Asphalt

    D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method

    D1267 Test Method for Gauge Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (LP-Gas Method)

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method (API MPMS Chapter 9.1)

    D1657

    D1838 Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

    D1856 Test Method for Recovery of Asphalt From Solution by Abson Method

    D2172 Test Methods for Quantitative Extraction of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mixtures

    D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D3230 Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric Method)

    D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder

    D4006 Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation (API MPMS Chapter 10.2)

    D4007

    D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.2)

    D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

    D4377 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration (API MPMS Chapter 10.7)

    D4530 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro Method)

    D4629 Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection

    D4807 Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration (API MPMS Chapter 10.8)

    D4840 Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures

    D4928 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration (API MPMS Chapter 10.9)

    D4929 Test Method for Determination of Organic Chloride Content in Crude Oil

    D5002 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Oils by Digital Density Analyzer

    D5191 Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels (Mini Method)

    D5762 Test Method for Nitrogen in Liquid Hydrocarbons, Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence

    D5842 Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement (API MPMS Chapter 8.4)

    D5853 Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils

    D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.3)

    D5863 Test Methods for Determination of Nickel, Vanadium, Iron, and Sodium in Crude Oils and Residual Fuels by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6377 Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx(Expansion Method)

    D6378 Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure (VPX) of Petroleum Products, Hydrocarbons, and Hydrocarbon-Oxygenate Mixtures (Triple Expansion Method)

    D6470 Test Method for Salt in Crude Oils (Potentiometric Method)

    D6560 Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D6822 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer Method (API MPMS Chapter 9.3)

    D6849 Practice for Storage and Use of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) in Sample Cylinders for LPG Test Methods

    D6970 Practice for Collection of Calcined Petroleum Coke Samples for Analysis

    D7169 Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography

    D7975 Test Method for Determination of Vapor Pressure of Crude Oil: VPCRx-F(TmC)(Manual Expansion Field Method)

    D8009 Practice for Manual Piston Cylinder Sampling for Volatile Crude Oils, Condensates, and Liquid Petroleum Products (API MPMS Chapter 8.5)

    D8145 Practice for Sampling of Green Petroleum Coke

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals

    E882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D4057-95R00

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4057-95(2000), Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2000, www.astm.org

    Back to Top