STP528

    A Tentative Proposal for a Rapid In-Plant Biological Monitoring System

    Published: Jan 1973


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    Abstract

    Preliminary tests of a rapid biological monitoring system which measures changes in the movement and breathing of fish in order to provide an early warning of developing toxicity in the wastes of an industrial plant are reported. The system is designed to provide a continuous assessment of the toxicity of complex mixtures which vary through time, and it has been tested in the laboratory with simulated spills of copper and zinc. Fish detect potentially lethal zinc concentrations (8 mg/liter) rapidly enough so that they survive if zinc is removed at the time of detection, and they also detect sublethal concentrations (2 to 3 mg/liter).

    Keywords:

    indicator species, industrial waste treatment, toxicity, fishes water pollution, heavy metals, bioassay


    Author Information:

    Cairns, J
    Director and professor, research associate, and research associate, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityIllinois Natural History SurveyNew York University, BlacksburgHavanaTuxedo, Va.Ill.New York

    Sparks, RE
    Director and professor, research associate, and research associate, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityIllinois Natural History SurveyNew York University, BlacksburgHavanaTuxedo, Va.Ill.New York

    Waller, WT
    Director and professor, research associate, and research associate, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityIllinois Natural History SurveyNew York University, BlacksburgHavanaTuxedo, Va.Ill.New York


    Paper ID: STP34721S

    Committee/Subcommittee: D19.05

    DOI: 10.1520/STP34721S


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