STP974

    Evaluation of Repellent Seed Treatments and Effects on Early Corn Performance

    Published: Jan 1988


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    Abstract

    A combination of field, field enclosure, and germination chamber studies was used to evaluate the effects of methiocarb [3,5-dimethyl-4-(methylthio)phenol methylcarbamate] and thiram (tetramethylthiuram disulfide) repellent seed treatments on early corn performance. The thiram treatments used (0.08, 0.4, 0.8, 0.5, 1.25, and 2.5% active ingredient by corn seed weight) had negligible effects on germination/emergence time or on corn plant heights. The thiram treatments never reduced stand counts in comparison to controls, but apparently increased stand counts in some trials, particularly under wet conditions. The methiocarb treatments evaluated (0.5, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0% active ingredient by corn seed weight) had only occasional effects on early corn performance. However, certain methiocarb treatments advanced or retarded germination in some trials and increased plant heights in three trials. Methiocarb treatment did not affect corn stand counts in most trials, but increased or reduced stand counts in some. The reduced stand counts appear related to wet conditions and possibly to other field effects. The techniques used have application in studies of both plant and rodent responses to seed-treatment repellents.

    Keywords:

    vertebrate pest control, wildlife damage control, bird, rodent, chemical repellent, technique, field enclosure, germination chamber, methiocarb, Mesurol, thiram, plant growth, seed germination, sprout emergence, corn


    Author Information:

    Koehler, AE
    Graduate research assistantgraduate student, University of NebraskaWildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of California, LincolnDavis, NECA

    Johnson, RJ
    Extension wildlife specialist and associate professor, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE

    Burnside, OC
    Professorhead, University of NebraskaUniversity of Minnesota-Twin Cities, LincolnSt. Paul, NEMN

    Lowry, SR
    Associate professorassistant director, Biometrics and Information Systems Center, University of NebraskaAgricultural Experiment Station, University of Kentucky, LincolnLexington, NEKY


    Paper ID: STP26169S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E35.17

    DOI: 10.1520/STP26169S


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