STP1150

    A Fire Risk and Protection Cost Assessment Model for Highrise Apartment Buildings

    Published: Jan 1992


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    Abstract

    This paper describes a stochastic system model that was developed to represent the dynamic interaction between human behavior and fire growth and spread in highrise apartment buildings. The effects of the smoke and fire spread are calculated in terms of two performance parameters: the expected risk-to-life (ERL) and the fire-cost expectation (FCE).

    These performance parameters are used to assess the cost-effectiveness of fire safety and protection provisions in highrise apartment buildings. The system model can be used as a tool to assess whether alternative designs provide equivalent safety and whether these alternative designs are cost effective. As an example, the model is applied to a 28-storey apartment building where the cost-effectiveness of 9 different combinations of alarm and sprinkler systems is assessed.

    Keywords:

    risk, cost, assessment, model, apartment, building


    Author Information:

    Hadjisophocleous, GV
    Research officer and group leader, National Research Council of Canada, Institute for Research in Construction/National Fire Laboratory, Ottawa, Ontario

    Yung, D
    Research officer and group leader, National Research Council of Canada, Institute for Research in Construction/National Fire Laboratory, Ottawa, Ontario


    Paper ID: STP23797S

    Committee/Subcommittee: E05.39

    DOI: 10.1520/STP23797S


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