STP1462

    Comparison of Methods Used to Predict the Burn Injuries in Tests of Thermal Protective Fabrics

    Published: Jan 2005


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    Abstract

    A study was conducted to compare the two methods, Henriques Burn Integral and Stoll criteria, in thermal protective performance evaluation on firefighter clothing composites exposed to various thermal hazards. The thermal hazards that the firefighter may encounter during fire fighting are low level thermal radiation and high intensity flashover fire. With the simulation of these thermal hazards in the lab, the heat flux behind exposed clothing composites are characterized with flux rise rate and peak heat flux. Comparisons were performed on the prediction differences of clothing system made using Henriques Burn integral and Stoll criteria under different conditions. The study demonstrated that in some cases less difference is predicted by the two methods, while in other cases a significant difference is observed. Several recommendations were made for the qualitative prediction of garment and fabric thermal protective performance under different situations.

    Keywords:

    thermal protective performance, radiant protective performance, Henriques Burn Integral, Stoll criteria, thermal radiation, flash fire, TPP, RPP


    Author Information:

    Song, G
    Research Associate, Center for Research on Textile Protective and Comfort, College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Barker, R
    Professor, Special Project Director, Associate Director, College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Grimes, DR
    Professor, Special Project Director, Associate Director, College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

    Thompson, D
    Professor, Special Project Director, Associate Director, College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC


    Paper ID: STP12600S

    Committee/Subcommittee: F23.96

    DOI: 10.1520/STP12600S


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