Process quality and yield are always crucial determinants of a firm’s competitiveness; therefore, monitoring and assessment for process quality are vital aspects of their sustainable development. The Six Sigma quality control is based on defect rate and nonconforming units to eliminate factors that cause process defects. Thus, it has become a powerful instrument for manufacturers to achieve the quality goals of only 3.4 defects per million opportunities. However, the originated Six Sigma program is based on the
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