Standard Historical Last Updated: Dec 31, 2010 Track Document
ASTM D972-02

Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils

Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils D0972-02 ASTM|D0972-02|en-US Standard Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils Standard new BOS Vol. 05.01 Committee D02
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Significance and Use

The loss of volatile materials from greases and oils can adversely effect the original performance characteristics of a lubricant and therefore could be a significant factor in evaluating a lubricant for a specific use. Such volatiles can also be considered contaminants in the environment in which the lubricant is to be used. Correlation between results from this test method and service performance has not been established.

The test can be run at any agreed upon temperature between 100 and 150°C (210 to 300°F).

Note 1—The specified flow of air, 2.58 ±0.02 g/min, (2L/min at standard temperature and pressure), assumes dry air. It is not known that the original work involved dry air but it has since been shown that this can be a factor in reproducibility and should be addressed. A dew point of less than 10°C at standard temperature and pressure will be satisfactory.

Note 2—To determine evaporation loss at temperatures above 150°C (300°F), see Test Methods D 2595.


1.1 This test method covers the determination of the loss in mass by evaporation of lubricating greases and oils for applications where evaporation loss is a factor. Evaporation loss data can be obtained at any temperature in the range from 100 to 150°C (210 to 300°F).

1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents of the other; therefore each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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Book of Standards Volume: 05.01
Developed by Subcommittee: D02.G0.03
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.1520/D0972-02
ICS Code: 75.100