Journal Published Online: 01 December 1993
Volume 15, Issue 4

The Use of Impact Force as a Scale Parameter for the Impact Response of Composite Laminates



The building block approach is currently used to design composite structures. With this approach, the data from coupon tests are scaled up to determine the design of a structure. Current standard impact tests and methods of relating test data to other structures are not generally understood and are often used improperly. A methodology is outlined for using impact force as a scale parameter for delamination damage for impacts of simple plates. Dynamic analyses were used to define ranges of plate parameters and impact parameters where quasi-static analyses are valid. These ranges include most low-velocity impacts where the mass of the impacter is large and the size of the specimen is small. For large-mass impacts of moderately thick (0.35 to 0.70 cm) laminates, the maximum extent of delamination damage increased with increasing impact force and decreasing specimen thickness. For large-mass impact tests at a given kinetic energy, impact force and hence delamination size depends on specimen size, specimen thickness, layup, boundary conditions, and indenter size and shape. If damage is reported in terms of impact force instead of kinetic energy, large-mass test results can be applied directly to other plates of the same thickness and layup.

Author Information

Jackson, WC
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA
Poe, CC
NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA
Pages: 8
Price: $25.00
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Stock #: CTR10380J
ISSN: 0884-6804
DOI: 10.1520/CTR10380J