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This specification covers all extractable hazardous metals (man-made or natural) that are intended for use as infill materials for synthetic turf sports surfaces. It specifies the amount of certain metals that have the potential to be extracted from synthetic turf infill materials if ingested. The time, temperature, and pH of the extraction fluid approximate the conditions the infill material would experience in the stomach during the digestive process. The levels of extractable metals are compared to maximum levels allowed in children's toys.
This specification includes requirements with respect to performance (hazardous metal content), test methods, sampling, apparatus, reagents, and procedure.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
7.1 This test method is based on subsection 8.3 of Consumer Safety Specification , which specifies a test procedure to determine the amount of hazardous metals that have the potential to be present in toys and handled or ingested by children. Since it is possible for users of synthetic turf playing surfaces to handle or ingest particles of synthetic turf infill materials, it is necessary to determine the level of hazardous metals in the synthetic turf infill materials. The limits of hazardous metals used in this specification are based on those specified in Consumer Safety Specification , adjusted for statistical error correction factor as described in Consumer Safety Specification .
1.1 This specification relates to the amount of certain metals that have the potential to be extracted from synthetic turf infill materials if ingested. The time, temperature, and pH of the extraction fluid approximate the conditions the infill material would experience in the stomach during the digestive process. The levels of extractable metals are compared to maximum levels allowed in children’s toys.
1.2 This specification applies to all materials (man-made or natural) that are intended for use as infill materials for synthetic turf sports surfaces.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety
F2075 Specification for Engineered Wood Fiber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface Under and Around Playground Equipment
F3012 Specification for Loose-Fill Rubber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface under and around Playground Equipment
European StandardEN 71-3:2013
ICS Number Code 97.220.10 (Sports facilities)
UNSPSC Code 30121803(Artificial turf)
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ASTM F3188-16, Standard Specification for Extractable Hazardous Metals in Synthetic Turf Infill Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top