ASTM F2374 - 17

    Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, Operation, and Maintenance of Inflatable Amusement Devices

    Active Standard ASTM F2374 | Developed by Subcommittee: F24.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.07


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The purpose of this practice is to delineate information regarding the design, manufacture, installation, operation, and maintenance of inflatable amusement devices.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the Design, Manufacture, Installation, Operation, Maintenance, Inspection, Training, Auditing and Major Modification of commercial use Inflatable Amusement Devices. These devices are made of flexible fabric, inflated by one or more blowers, and rely upon air pressure to maintain their shape. They are designed for patron activities that may include, but not be limited to: bounce, climb, slide, obstacle course or interactive play.

    1.1.1 Amusement devices covered by this standard are used primarily in amusement, entertainment or recreational applications. Such applications include, but are not limited to, amusement parks, theme parks, water parks, family entertainment centers, rental companies, fitness centers, gyms, gymnastics facilities, jump centers, sports facilities, skate parks, camps, schools, shopping centers, temporary special events, carnivals, fairs, festivals and municipal parks.

    1.1.2 This practice includes land-based inflatable amusement devices that are designed for dry use, wet use, or a combination of wet/dry use.

    1.1.3 Inflatable amusement devices covered by this standard have inflation systems that:

    1.1.3.1 Require air to be constantly supplied in order to maintain structure, form, shape or integrity (continuous air inflatable amusement device); or

    1.1.3.2 Maintain inflation without the need for constant air supply (captured air inflatable amusement device); or

    1.1.3.3 Incorporate both methods of inflation into a single device.

    1.1.4 The design and manufacturing requirements in Sections 5 and 6 of this standard shall not apply to inflatable amusement devices manufactured before the publication date of this standard practice.

    1.1.5 The modification requirements in Section 5.3 of this standard shall not apply to major modifications performed before the publication date of this standard practice.

    1.2 This practice specifically excludes the following types of inflatable devices:

    1.2.1 Inflatable devices marketed directly to consumers for private home use by children. Those devices are covered under a separate standard, Consumer Safety Specification F2729.

    1.2.2 Inflatable devices that are used for professional exhibition or stunt work; safety and rescue activities; aerial or aviation structures or devices; exhibit floats; or similar inflatable devices.

    1.2.3 Inflatables that do not have a floor affixed to the inflatable structure (that is, the ground is exposed inside an inflated perimeter).

    1.2.4 Inflatable devices that require a sudden loss of air to perform their intended function (for example, stunt bag style inflatable impact attenuation devices).

    1.2.5 Inflatable devices that are designed primarily as floating devices to be installed in or on bodies of water.

    1.2.6 Stand-alone captured air inflatable devices that are designed to contain the patron within the elevated pressure space; are designed to be mobile during its intended use; or contain less than 270 ft3 of air and do not include an anchoring or ballasting system. Examples include, but are not limited to: a water walking ball, a sports ball, a hamster ball, a hill-rolling ball.

    1.2.7 Constant air membranes that incorporate a permanent sub-terrain box or pit to form the bottom and sides of the pressure vessel (for example, jumping pillow devices).

    1.2.8 Air inflated devices designated to decompress or redistribute foam cubes contained in a trampoline court foam pit.

    1.3 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user’s understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory criteria.

    1.4 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user’s understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory criteria.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3787 Test Method for Bursting Strength of TextilesConstant-Rate-of-Traverse (CRT) Ball Burst Test

    D5446 Practice for Determining Physical Properties of Fabrics, Yarns, and Sewing Thread Used in Inflatable Restraints

    D6951 Test Method for Use of the Dynamic Cone Penetrometer in Shallow Pavement Applications

    F355 Test Method for Impact Attenuation of Playing Surface Systems, Other Protective Sport Systems, and Materials Used for Athletics, Recreation and Play

    F747 Terminology Relating to Amusement Rides and Devices

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1159 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices that are Outside the Purview of Other F24 Design Standards

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment

    F1772 Specification for Harnesses for Rescue and Sport Activities

    F2291 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2375 Practice for Design, Manufacture, Installation and Testing of Climbing Nets and Netting/Mesh used in Amusement Rides, Devices, Play Areas and Attractions

    F2397 Specification for Protective Headgear Used in Martial Arts

    F2729 Consumer Safety Specification for Constant Air Inflatable Play Devices for Home Use

    NFPA Standards (National Fire Protection Agency)

    NFPA 701 Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films

    NFPA 70 National Electric Code (NEC)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/F2374-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM F2374-17, Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, Operation, and Maintenance of Inflatable Amusement Devices, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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