ASTM F2373 - 11(2017)

    Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months

    Active Standard ASTM F2373 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.44

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures, climbing structures, to-fro swings, spring rocking equipment, and slides. It is intended to apply to play equipment that is used in places of public assembly, including early care and education facilities, parks, or playgrounds. Public use play areas for children in this age range include both indoor (classroom) settings and outdoor playgrounds. Where appropriate, distinctions will be made between indoor and outdoor settings where there is supervision (for example, a play area that is part of an early care and education facility), and settings with unlimited access (for example, public playgrounds and parks).

    1.2 The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 6 month old through the 95th percentile 23 month old.

    1.3 The purpose of this specification is to reduce the potential for life threatening and debilitating injuries.

    1.4 Accessory toys attached to play equipment must meet all relevant standards including this consumer safety performance specification.

    1.5 Home playground equipment, amusement park equipment, sports equipment, fitness equipment, soft contained play equipment, tricycles, toys, juvenile care products such as, but not limited to, infant swings, play yards, expansion gates, and expandable enclosures, furniture (including child-sized house play furnishings and sand/water tables intended primarily for indoor use), bassinets and cradles, infant walkers, bouncer seats, jumpers, infant stationary activity centers, and infant carriers are not included in the scope of this specification.

    1.6 This consumer safety performance specification includes the following sections:

      Title

    Section

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

     ASTM Standards

    2.1

     ANSI Standards

    2.2

     Federal Standards

    2.3

     CPSC Documents

    2.4

     UL Standard

    2.5

     European Standard

    2.6

    Terminology

    3

    Materials and Manufacture

    4

     General Requirements

    4.1

     Fasteners

    4.2

     Toxic or Hazardous Substances

    4.3

     Stuffing, Loose Fillers, and Padding Materials

    4.4

    General Requirements

    5

     Compliance Documentation

    5.1

     Small Parts

    5.2

     Asphyxiation Hazard

    5.3

    Performance Requirements

    6

     Head and Neck Entrapment

    6.1

     Sharp Points and Sharp Edges

    6.2

     Protrusions

    6.3

     Entanglement Hazards

    6.4

     Crush and Shear Points

    6.5

     Ventilation

    6.6

     Closures

    6.7

     Suspended Hazards

    6.8

    Requirements for Access and Egress

    7

     Access and Egress Components That Shall
     Not Be Used

    7.1

     Adjacent Platforms

    7.2

     Step Ladders, Stairways, Flexible Access
     Components, and Access Ramps

    7.3

     Climbing Equipment Used for Access and Egress

    7.4

     Handrails and Other Means of Hand Support

    7.5

    Requirements for Platforms, Landings, and Other
    Designated Play Surfaces

    8

     Platforms and Similar Surfaces

    8.1

     Adjacent Platforms

    8.2

     Protective Barriers

    8.3

    Equipment Specifications

    9

     Equipment That Shall Not Be Used

    9.1

     Climbing Equipment

    9.2

     Slides

    9.3

     Spring Rocking Equipment Intended for Use Without
     Adult Assistance

    9.4

     To-Fro Swings

    9.5

    Structural Integrity and Stability

    10

     General Requirements

    10.1

     Structural Integrity Tests for Rungs, Steps, and
     Horizontal Supporting Members

    10.2

     Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for
     Platforms and Ramps

    10.3

     Test for Dynamic Strength of Barriers and Handrails

    10.4

     Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Slides

    10.5

     Structural Integrity Test for Spring Rocking Equipment

    10.6

     Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Swings

    10.7

    Play Equipment Use Zones, Non-Encroachment Zones,
    and Placement

    11

     General Use Zone Requirements

    11.1

     Exemptions from Use Zone Requirements

    11.2

     General Non-Encroachment Zone Requirements

    11.3

     Use Zones for Play Structures Having No Moving
     Components

    11.4

     Use Zones for Slides

    11.5

     Use Zones for Spring Rocking Equipment 

    11.6

     Use Zones and Non-Encroachment Zones for To-Fro  Swings 

    11.7

     Surfacing Materials for Use Zones 

    11.8

     Fences and Gates 

    11.9

     Placement of Play Equipment 

    11.10

    Labels and Signs

    12

     Compliance Requirements for Labels and Signs

    12.1

     Specifications for All Labels and Signs

    12.2

     Label Requirements on Play Equipment and Structures 

    12.3

     Signs Required for Play Equipment/Structures in
     Settings with Unlimited Access 

    12.4

     Replacement 

    12.5

    Installation

    13

     Designer's or Manufacturer's Responsibilities

    13.1

     Owner's/Operator's Responsibilities

    13.2

    Maintenance

    14

     Equipment 

    14.1

     Play Area Surfacing  

    14.2

     Records 

    14.3

    Keywords

    15

    Annex A1–Figures

    Annex A1

    Appendix X1–Rationale

    Appendix X1

    1.7 General Measures, Tolerances, and Conversions: 

    1.7.1 The general tolerances for this specification are as follows unless otherwise specified.

    Dimension

    Tolerance

    X. in

    ±0.5 in.

    X.X in.

    ±0.05 in.

    X.XX in.

    ±0.005 in.

    These tolerances still apply to a dimension even when terms like greater than, less than, minimum, or maximum are used.

    1.7.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.7.3 The conversion factor from imperial to metric units are:

             1 in. = 25.4 mm

             1 in.2 = 6.45 cm2

             1 in.3 = 16.39 cm3

             1 lb = 0.454 kg

             1 lbf (pound force) = 4.45 Newtons

    1.8 See Annex A1 for figures referenced throughout this specification.

    1.9 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.

    1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.11 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    F406 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards

    F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    F1077 Guide for Selection of Committee F16 Fastener Specifications

    F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment

    F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment

    F1487 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

    F2075 Specification for Engineered Wood Fiber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface Under and Around Playground Equipment

    Federal Standards

    16 CFR 1500.18(a)(16)(i) Banned Toys and Other Banned Articles Intended for Use by ChildrenInfant Cushion or Infant Pillow

    16 CFR 1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Point in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age

    16 CFR 1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age

    16 CFR 1500 Hazardous Substances Act Regulations, including Sections:

    16 CFR 1501 Method for Identifying Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 3 Years of Age Which Present Choking, Aspiration or Ingestion Hazards Because of Small Parts

    16 CFR 1610 Standard for the Flammability of Clothing Textiles

    ANSI Standards

    Z535.1 Safety Color Code

    CPSC Documents

    U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Handbook for Public Playground Safety

    UL Standard

    UL 969 Standard for Safety: Marking and Labeling Systems

    European Standard

    EN 71-1 Safety of ToysPart I: Mechanical and Physical Properties


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 60141200(Active play equipment and accessories)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F2373-11R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM F2373-11(2017), Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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