ASTM F2373 - 11

    Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months

    Active Standard ASTM F2373 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.29

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance requirements for various types of public use play equipment such as, but not limited to, composite play structures, climbing structures, to-fro swings, spring rocking equipment, and slides. It is intended to apply to play equipment that is used in places of public assembly, including early care and education facilities, parks, or playgrounds. Public use play areas for children in this age range include both indoor (classroom) settings and outdoor playgrounds. Where appropriate, distinctions will be made between indoor and outdoor settings where there is supervision (for example, a play area that is part of an early care and education facility), and settings with unlimited access (for example, public playgrounds and parks).

    1.2 The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 6 month old through the 95th percentile 23 month old.

    1.3 The purpose of this specification is to reduce the potential for life threatening and debilitating injuries.

    1.4 Accessory toys attached to play equipment must meet all relevant standards including this consumer safety performance specification.

    1.5 Home playground equipment, amusement park equipment, sports equipment, fitness equipment, soft contained play equipment, tricycles, toys, juvenile care products such as, but not limited to, infant swings, play yards, expansion gates, and expandable enclosures, furniture (including child-sized house play furnishings and sand/water tables intended primarily for indoor use), bassinets and cradles, infant walkers, bouncer seats, jumpers, infant stationary activity centers, and infant carriers are not included in the scope of this specification.

    1.6 This consumer safety performance specification includes the following sections:

    Referenced Documents2
    ASTM Standards2.1
    ANSI Standards2.2
    Federal Standards2.3
    CPSC Documents2.4
    UL Standard2.5
    European Standard2.6
    Materials and Manufacture4
    General Requirements4.1
    Toxic or Hazardous Substances4.3
    Stuffing, Loose Fillers, and Padding Materials4.4
    General Requirements5
    Compliance Documentation5.1
    Small Parts5.2
    Asphyxiation Hazard5.3
    Performance Requirements6
    Head and Neck Entrapment6.1
    Sharp Points and Sharp Edges6.2
    Entanglement Hazards6.4
    Crush and Shear Points6.5
    Suspended Hazards6.8
    Requirements for Access and Egress 7
    Access and Egress Components That Shall
    Not Be Used
    Adjacent Platforms7.2
    Step Ladders, Stairways, Flexible Access
    Components, and Access Ramps
    Climbing Equipment Used for Access and Egress 7.4
    Handrails and Other Means of Hand Support7.5
    Requirements for Platforms, Landings, and Other
    Designated Play Surfaces
    Platforms and Similar Surfaces8.1
    Adjacent Platforms8.2
    Protective Barriers8.3
    Equipment Specifications9
    Equipment That Shall Not Be Used9.1
    Climbing Equipment9.2
    Spring Rocking Equipment Intended for Use Without
    Adult Assistance
    To-Fro Swings9.5
    Structural Integrity and Stability10
    General Requirements10.1
    Structural Integrity Tests for Rungs, Steps, and
    Horizontal Supporting Members
    Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for
    Platforms and Ramps
    Test for Dynamic Strength of Barriers and Handrails10.4
    Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Slides 10.5
    Structural Integrity Test for Spring Rocking Equipment10.6
    Structural Integrity and Stability Tests for Swings10.7
    Play Equipment Use Zones, Non-Encroachment Zones,
    and Placement
    General Use Zone Requirements11.1
    Exemptions from Use Zone Requirements11.2
    General Non-Encroachment Zone Requirements11.3
    Use Zones for Play Structures Having No Moving
    Use Zones for Slides11.5
    Use Zones for Spring Rocking Equipment 11.6
    Use Zones and Non-Encroachment Zones for To-Fro Swings 11.7
    Surfacing Materials for Use Zones 11.8
    Fences and Gates 11.9
    Placement of Play Equipment 11.10
    Labels and Signs12
    Compliance Requirements for Labels and Signs12.1
    Specifications for All Labels and Signs12.2
    Label Requirements on Play Equipment and Structures 12.3
    Signs Required for Play Equipment/Structures in
    Settings with Unlimited Access
    Replacement 12.5
    Designer's or Manufacturer's Responsibilities13.1
    Owner's/Operator's Responsibilities13.2
    Equipment 14.1
    Play Area Surfacing 14.2
    Records 14.3
    Annex A1FiguresAnnex A1
    Appendix X1RationaleAppendix X1

    1.7 General Measures, Tolerances, and Conversions:

    1.7.1 The general tolerances for this specification are as follows unless otherwise specified.

    X. in±0.5 in.
    X.X in.±0.05 in.
    X.XX in.±0.005 in.

    These tolerances still apply to a dimension even when terms like greater than, less than, minimum, or maximum are used.

    1.7.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.7.3 The conversion factor from imperial to metric units are:

    1 in. = 25.4 mm
    1 in.2 = 6.45 cm2
    1 in.3 = 16.39 cm3
    1 lb = 0.454 kg
    1 lbf (pound force) = 4.45 Newtons

    1.8 See Annex A1 for figures referenced throughout this specification.

    1.9 The text of this specification references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.

    1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    F406 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards

    F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    F1077 Guide for Selection of Committee F16 Fastener Specifications

    F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment

    F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment

    F1487 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

    F2075 Specification for Engineered Wood Fiber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface Under and Around Playground Equipment

    UL Standard

    UL 969 Standard for Safety: Marking and Labeling Systems

    European Standard

    EN 71-1 Safety of ToysPart I: Mechanical and Physical Properties

    ANSI Standards

    Z535.1 Safety Color Code

    CPSC Documents

    U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Handbook for Public Playground Safety

    Federal Standards

    16 CFR 1500.18(a)(16)(i) Banned Toys and Other Banned Articles Intended for Use by ChildrenInfant Cushion or Infant Pillow

    16 CFR 1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Point in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age

    16 CFR 1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age

    16 CFR 1500 Hazardous Substances Act Regulations, including Sections:

    16 CFR 1501 Method for Identifying Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 3 Years of Age Which Present Choking, Aspiration or Ingestion Hazards Because of Small Parts

    16 CFR 1610 Standard for the Flammability of Clothing Textiles

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 60141200(Active play equipment and accessories)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F2373-11

    Citation Format

    ASTM F2373-11, Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011,

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