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Significance and Use
This test method is intended to determine alkaline resistance data for material specifications, research and development, quality assurance, and structural design and analysis. Depending on the procedure and test matrix, the primary test results are the mass change and tensile capacity retention of the test specimen, which are important factors to be considered in the use of FRP reinforcing bars. Procedures A and B are accelerated tests, substituting an alkaline aqueous environment for the presence of concrete porewater. Procedure C can be used to establish the accelerating effect of Procedure B.
Procedure A is appropriate for rapid screening of FRP bars for alkali resistance.
Procedure B is appropriate for characterizing the alkali resistance of FRP bars under sustained mechanical loading in a standard aqueous alkaline environment intended to represent the concrete porewater.
Procedure C is appropriate for characterizing the alkali resistance of FRP bars under sustained mechanical loading in Portland cement concrete.
1.1 This test method covers the procedure for evaluating the alkali resistance of FRP bars used as reinforcing bars in concrete. Alkali resistance is measured by subjecting the FRP bars to an aqueous alkali environment, with or without sustained tensile stress, and then testing them to failure in tension according to Test Method D7205/D7205M. This standard presents three procedures conducted at a moderately elevated temperature of 60ºC (140ºF), each defining different loading conditions. The test method is also appropriate for use with linear segments of FRP reinforcements cut from two- or three-dimensional reinforcing grid.
1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units shall be regarded separately as the standard. The inch-pound units are shown in the parenthesis. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system shall be used independently of each other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A615/A615M Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement
C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
C496/C496M Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
C511 Specification for Mixing Rooms, Moist Cabinets, Moist Rooms, and Water Storage Tanks Used in the Testing of Hydraulic Cements and Concretes
C1260 Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Aggregates (Mortar-Bar Method)
C1293 Test Method for Determination of Length Change of Concrete Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials
D7205/D7205M Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
E70 Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
ICS Number Code 91.080.40 (Concrete structures)
UNSPSC Code 30103623(Reinforcing bar or rebar or mesh)
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ASTM D7705 / D7705M-12, Standard Test Method for Alkali Resistance of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Matrix Composite Bars used in Concrete Construction, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top