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    ASTM D7417 - 17

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using Particular Four-Part Integrated Tester (Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Viscosity, and Laser Particle Counter)

    Active Standard ASTM D7417 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.96.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.04

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The integrated tester is primarily used to perform on-site analysis of in-service lubricants used in the automotive, highway trucking, mining, construction, off-road “mining,” marine, industrial, power generation, agriculture, and manufacturing industries.

    5.2 The immediate results of analysis of in-service lubricants are critical when performing proactive and preventative maintenance. On-site oil analysis, when used in conjunction with these programs, allows continuous system monitoring and contamination control potentially improving equipment “up-time” and equipment life.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the quantitative analysis of in-service lubricants using an automatic testing device that integrates these varied technologies: atomic emission spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, viscosity, and particle counting.

    1.2 This is suited for in-service lubricating oils having viscosities in the range between ISO 10 and ISO 320 and properties in the ranges given in Tables 1 and 2.

    TABLE 1 Element Test Parameters Measured, Calculated, and Reported


    Low Range, mg/kg

    High Range, mg/kg


    Low Range, mg/kg

    High Range, mg/kg


    5 to 100



    10 to 1000



    25 to 150

    150 to 2000


    5 to 100



    5 to 100

    100 to 1000


    100 to 600

    600 to 4000


    25 to 500

    500 to 9000


    10 to 1000

    1000 to 4000


    8 to 100



    5 to 150

    150 to 3000


    5 to 500

    500 to 1000


    10 to 1000



    6 to 1000

    1000 to 3000


    6 to 100



    6 to 150



    8 to 100



    5 to 100

    100 to 3000


    7 to 100



    5 to 100



    8 to 100

    100 to 4000

    TABLE 2 Physical Properties Parameters Measured, Calculated, and Reported

    Note 1: Review Test Method D4739 and D2896 for particular lubricating oil applications.

    Physical Property


    Water,  % by mass

    0.1 to 3

    Glycol,  % by mass

    0.1 to 2

    Soot,  % by mass

    0.1 to 4

    Fuel Dilution,  % by mass

    0.1 to 15

    Oxidation, abs.

    0.1 to 50

    Nitration, abs.

    0.1 to 35

    Calculated Viscosity - IR

    4 to 35 (100° cSt)

    Viscosity 40 °C, cSt (optional)

    30 to 320

    Viscosity 100 °C, cSt (optional)

    5 to 25

    Viscosity Index

    5 to 150

    Base Number, mg/g KOH

    1.0 to 17

    1.3 This test method may be used to establish trends in wear and contamination of in-service lubricants and may not give equivalent numerical results to current ASTM test methods.

    1.4 This test method is not intended for use with crude oil.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Specific hazard statements are given in Section 9 and 11.3.)

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D2270 Practice for Calculating Viscosity Index from Kinematic Viscosity at 40C and 100C

    D2896 Test Method for Base Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Perchloric Acid Titration

    D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

    D4739 Test Method for Base Number Determination by Potentiometric Hydrochloric Acid Titration

    D6595 Test Method for Determination of Wear Metals and Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils or Used Hydraulic Fluids by Rotating Disc Electrode Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)

    E2412 Practice for Condition Monitoring of In-Service Lubricants by Trend Analysis Using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometry

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121500(Lubricating preparations)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D7417-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM D7417-17, Standard Test Method for Analysis of In-Service Lubricants Using Particular Four-Part Integrated Tester (Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, Infrared Spectroscopy, Viscosity, and Laser Particle Counter), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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