ASTM D6484 / D6484M - 20

    Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Compressive Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

    Active Standard ASTM D6484 / D6484M | Developed by Subcommittee: D30.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is designed to produce notched compressive strength data for structural design allowables, material specifications, research and development, and quality assurance. Factors that influence the notched compressive strength and shall therefore be reported include the following: material, methods of material fabrication, accuracy of lay-up, laminate stacking sequence and overall thickness, specimen geometry, (including hole diameter, diameter-to-thickness ratio, and width-to-diameter ratio), specimen preparation (especially of the hole), specimen conditioning, environment of testing, specimen alignment and gripping, loading procedure, speed of testing, time at temperature, void content, and volume percent reinforcement. Properties that may be derived from this test method include open-hole (notched) compressive strength (OHC).

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method determines the open-hole compressive strength of multidirectional polymer matrix composite laminates reinforced by high-modulus fibers. The composite material forms are limited to continuous-fiber or discontinuous-fiber (tape or fabric, or both) reinforced composites in which the laminate is balanced and symmetric with respect to the test direction. The range of acceptable test laminates and thicknesses are described in 8.2.1.

    1.2 Several related ASTM standards reference the procedures and apparatus described within this test method. In particular, the support fixture described in 7.2 is used by several other standards to stabilize compression-loaded test specimens. These include Practice D6742/D6742M, which covers filled-hole compression testing; Practice D7615/D7615M, which covers open-hole fatigue testing; and Practice D8066/D8066M, which covers unnotched laminate compression testing.

    1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.

    1.3.1 Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in brackets.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D2584 Test Method for Ignition Loss of Cured Reinforced Resins

    D2734 Test Methods for Void Content of Reinforced Plastics

    D3039/D3039M Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    D3171 Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Materials

    D3878 Terminology for Composite Materials

    D5229/D5229M Test Method for Moisture Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    D5687/D5687M Guide for Preparation of Flat Composite Panels with Processing Guidelines for Specimen Preparation

    D6742/D6742M Practice for Filled-Hole Tension and Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

    D7615/D7615M Practice for Open-Hole Fatigue Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

    D8066/D8066M Practice Unnotched Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.120 (Reinforced plastics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/D6484_D6484M-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6484 / D6484M-20, Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Compressive Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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