ASTM D4151 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Flammability of Blankets

    Active Standard ASTM D4151 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.52

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method for the determination of the flammability of blankets is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of blankets since this test method has been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing.

    5.2 This test method is intended to evaluate fabrics used in electric blankets without the resistance heating wires.

    5.3 Fabrics are potentially combustible. Some fabrics when used for blankets are potentially dangerous to the user depending on the ease of ignition, rapidity, and intensity of burning. This test method addresses some of these characteristics.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a means to identify blanket fabrics which ignite easily and propagate flame across the surface.

    1.2 This test method specifies the procedures described in the “Voluntary Blanket Flammability Standard” which has been used by the blanket industry in the United States since 1972.

    1.3 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    Note 1: This test method is not identical to 16 CFR Part 1610, Flammability of Clothing Textiles. Consumer Product Safety Commission regulations require that fabrics introduced into commerce meet the requirements of 16 CFR Part 1610.

    1.4 Fire testing is inherently hazardous. Adequate safeguards for personnel and property shall be employed in conducting these tests.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1230 Test Method for Flammability of Apparel Textiles

    Federal Specification

    NNN-P-40b Available from Standardization Documents


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.220.40 (Ignitability and burning behaviour of materials and products); 97.160 (Home textiles. Linen)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 52121508(Blankets)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D4151-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4151-18, Standard Test Method for Flammability of Blankets, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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