ASTM D3686 - 20

    Standard Practice for Sampling Atmospheres to Collect Organic Compound Vapors (Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method)

    Active Standard ASTM D3686 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Promulgations by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 29 CFR 1910.1000 designate that certain organic compounds must not be present in workplace atmospheres at concentrations above specific values.

    5.2 This practice, when used in conjunction with Test Method D3687, will provide the needed accuracy and precision for the determination of airborne time-weighted average concentrations of many of the organic chemicals including but not limited to CDC-99-74-45, HSM-99-71-31, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, 29 CFR 1910.1000, OSHA Chemical Sampling Information, OSHA Sampling and Analytical Methods, and HSE Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances.

    5.3 A partial list of chemicals for which this method is applicable is given in Annex A1, along with their OSHA permissible exposure limits.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers a method for the sampling of atmospheres to determine the presence of certain organic vapors by means of adsorption on activated charcoal using a charcoal tube and a small portable sampling pump worn by a worker. A list of some of the organic chemical vapors that can be sampled by this practice is provided in Annex A1. This list is presented as an information guide and should not be considered as absolute or complete.

    1.2 This practice does not cover any method of sampling that requires special impregnation of activated charcoal or other adsorption media.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific safety precaution is given in 9.4.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    NIOSH Standards

    Personal Sampler Pump for Charcoal Tubes; Final Report

    CDC-99-74-45 Documentation of NIOSH Validation Tests Available from National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161, http://www.ntis.gov.

    NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nmam.

    ASTM Standards

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D3687 Test Method for Analysis of Organic Compound Vapors Collected by the Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method

    D4840 Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures

    D5337 Practice for Flow Rate Adjustment of Personal Sampling Pumps


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.040.20 (Ambient atmospheres)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 77121504(Air pollution monitoring or measurement services)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/D3686-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3686-20, Standard Practice for Sampling Atmospheres to Collect Organic Compound Vapors (Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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