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    ASTM C110 - 20

    Standard Test Methods for Physical Testing of Quicklime, Hydrated Lime, and Limestone

    Active Standard ASTM C110 | Developed by Subcommittee: C07.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.01

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    These test methods cover physical testing of quicklime, hydrated lime, and limestone. Plastic property testing shall include test methods for standard consistency and plasticity of lime putty, water retention of hydrated lime, and air entrainment. Soundness testing shall include test methods for autoclave expansion, and popping and pitting of hydrated lime. Application testing shall include test methods for slaking rate of quicklime, dry brightness of pulverized limestone, limestone grindability determination by the laboratory ball mill method, and settling rate of hydrated lime. Particle size analysis shall include test methods for residue and sieve analysis, fineness of pulverized quicklime and hydrated lime by air permeability, particle size of pulverized limestone, and dry screening of hydrated lime, pulverized quicklime, and limestone by air jet sieving. Density measurement shall include the following test methods: apparent loose density, and apparent packed density of hydrated lime, pulverized quicklime, and limestone; specific gravity of hydrated lime products; and wet sieve analysis of agricultural liming materials.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover physical testing of quicklime and hydrated lime, and of limestone not otherwise covered in ASTM standards.2

    Note 1: Quicklime and hydrated lime have a high affinity for moisture and carbon dioxide. Caution should be taken to protect both hydrated and quicklime during sampling, storage, and testing (see Practice C50).

    1.2 The test methods appear in the following order:

    Plastic Property Testing




    Standard Consistency of Lime Putty


    Plasticity of Lime Putty


    Water Retention of Hydrated Lime


    Air Entrainment




    Soundness Testing




    Autoclave Expansion of Hydrated and Hydraulic Lime


    Popping and Pitting of Hydrated Lime




    Application Testing




    Slaking Rate of Quicklime


    Dry Brightness of Pulverized Limestone


    Limestone Grindability Determination by the Laboratory Ball Mill


    Settling Rate of Hydrated Lime




    Particle Size Analysis




    Residue and Sieve Analysis


    Sieve Analysis of Dry Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime


    Fineness of Pulverized Quicklime and Hydrated Lime by Air


    Particle Size of Pulverized Limestone


    Dry Screening of Hydrated Lime, Pulverized Quicklime, and
      Limestone by Air Jet Sieving


    Wet Sieve Analysis of Agricultural Liming Materials






    Density Measurement




    Apparent Loose Density of Hydrated Lime, Pulverized Quicklime,
      and Limestone


    Apparent Packed Density of Hydrated Lime, Pulverized Quicklime,
      and Limestone


    Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Hydrated Lime Products


    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in brackets are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C28/C28M Specification for Gypsum Plasters

    C50 Practice for Sampling, Sample Preparation, Packaging, and Marking of Lime and Limestone Products

    C51 Terminology Relating to Lime and Limestone (as Used by the Industry)

    C91 Specification for Masonry Cement

    C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50mm] Cube Specimens)

    C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates

    C150 Specification for Portland Cement

    C185 Test Method for Air Content of Hydraulic Cement Mortar

    C188 Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement

    C192/C192M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory

    C204 Test Methods for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by Air-Permeability Apparatus

    C207 Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes

    C230/C230M Specification for Flow Table for Use in Tests of Hydraulic Cement

    C231 Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method

    C305 Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency

    C430 Test Method for Fineness of Hydraulic Cement by the 45-m (No. 325) Sieve

    C472 Test Methods for Physical Testing of Gypsum, Gypsum Plasters, and Gypsum Concrete

    C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    C702 Practice for Reducing Samples of Aggregate to Testing Size

    C778 Specification for Standard Sand

    C1005 Specification for Reference Masses and Devices for Determining Mass and Volume for Use in Physical Testing of Hydraulic Cements

    C1107 Specification for Packaged Dry, Hydraulic-Cement Grout (Nonshrink)

    D75 Practice for Sampling Aggregates

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.10 (Cement. Gypsum. Lime. Mortar)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/C0110-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM C110-20, Standard Test Methods for Physical Testing of Quicklime, Hydrated Lime, and Limestone, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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