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This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of quenched and tempered alloy steel bolts, studs, and other externally threaded fasteners. All fasteners shall be made from alloy steel conforming to the chemical composition requirements. Two levels of bolting strength are covered, designated Grades BC and BD. Selection will depend upon design and the stresses and service for which the product is to be used. Hardness, tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, and area reduction shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of quenched and tempered alloy steel bolts, studs, and other externally threaded fasteners 4 in. and under in diameter for application at normal atmospheric temperatures, where high strength is required and for limited application at elevated temperature ( ). Any alloy steel capable of meeting the mechanical and chemical properties set forth in this specification may be used.
Note 1: For bolts, studs, or other externally threaded fasteners, to be used at elevated temperatures, refer to Specification .
1.2 Two strength levels are covered, designated Grades BC and BD. Selection will depend upon design and the stresses and service for which the product is to be used.
Note 2: Quenched and tempered alloy steel bolts for structural steel joints up through 11/2 in. in diameter are covered in Specification . For fastener diameter sizes above 1 1/2 in., Grade BC may be considered for structural steel bolting where tensile strength above 120 ksi is necessary and Grade BD may be considered for structural steel bolting where tensile strength above 150 ksi is necessary. In this event, additional requirements of Specification , such as head size, lubricant, and magnetic particle inspection, should be carefully considered.
1.3 Nuts are covered in Specification . Unless otherwise specified, the grade and style of nut for each grade of fastener shall be as follows:
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Nut Grade and
BC, plain (or with a coating of insufficient thick-
C, heavy hex
BC, zinc-coated (or with a coating thickness re-
DH, heavy hex
BD, all finishes
DH, heavy hex
1.4 Optional supplementary requirements are provided at the end of this standard.
1.5 Terms used in this specification are defined in Terminology unless otherwise defined herein.
1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A193/A193M Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for High Temperature or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications
A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel
E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
E1268 Practice for Assessing the Degree of Banding or Orientation of Microstructures
E1417/E1417M Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing
E1444/E1444M Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
E2884 Guide for Eddy Current Testing of Electrically Conducting Materials Using Conformable Sensor Arrays
F436/F436M Specification for Hardened Steel Washers Inch and Metric Dimensions
F606/F606M Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners
F2328 Test Method for Determining Decarburization and Carburization in Hardened and Tempered Threaded Steel Bolts, Screws, Studs, and Nuts
F2329/F2329M Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners
F3125/F3125M Specification for High Strength Structural Bolts, Steel and Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 120 ksi (830 MPa) and 150 ksi (1040 MPa) Minimum Tensile Strength, Inch and Metric Dimensions
ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)
UNSPSC Code 31161600(Bolts); 31163300(Studs)
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ASTM A354-17e1, Standard Specification for Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts, Studs, and Other Externally Threaded Fasteners, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top