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    Volume 48, Issue 6 (November 2020)

    An Improved Shear Stress Monitoring Method in Numerical Direct Shear Tests by Particle Flow Code

    (Received 11 January 2018; accepted 28 August 2018)

    Published Online: 2020

    CODEN: JTEVAB

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    Abstract

    During a direct shear test in particle flow code (PFC; Itasca Consulting Group, Minneapolis, MN) simulation, the initial force is often neglected by the existing methods of monitoring shear stress, which results in a difference between the monitoring data and simulation result. An improved monitoring method, which involves monitoring the resultant force on the left and right walls (specimen boundary) as the shear force, is proposed to monitor the shear stress in this study. The effectiveness of the proposed method is first investigated by comparing the monitoring results with the peak shear strength of sawtooth triangular joints with base angles of 0°, 15°, and 30° and joints with Barton’s standard joint roughness profiles (joint roughness coefficient (JRC) = 5.8, 10.8, and 14.5) as predicted by well-known classical shear models under different normal stress conditions. Additionally, the capabilities of the proposed monitoring method were tested by comparing it with the peak shear strength obtained from laboratory direct shear tests on a real rock joint (JRC = 1.0) under different normal stress levels. Good agreement was found between the results of the numerical models that used the proposed monitoring method and well-known classical shear models as well as laboratory direct shear tests. The proposed method has a highly accurate capacity for determining the shear stress in numerical direct shear tests by PFC. This method has advantages for assessing joints with low roughness coefficients under low normal stress conditions. The results reveal that the proposed method reasonably reflects the shear characteristics of rock joints in numerical direct shear tests. The proposed method also contributes to the calibration of microparameters for a smooth joint model to more accurately represent the rock joint.

    Author Information:

    Jiang, Yaofei
    Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei

    Wang, Liangqing
    Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei

    Wu, Qiong
    Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei

    Sun, Zihao
    Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei

    Elmo, Davide
    NBK Mining Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC

    Zheng, Luobin
    Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei


    Stock #: JTE20180018

    ISSN:0090-3973

    DOI: 10.1520/JTE20180018

    Author
    Title An Improved Shear Stress Monitoring Method in Numerical Direct Shear Tests by Particle Flow Code
    Symposium ,
    Committee D18