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Volume 42, Issue 1 (January 2019)
Two Methods to Detect Poorly Sealed Monitoring Wells Using Pumping Test Data in a Confined Aquifer
(Received 23 January 2017; accepted 28 December 2017)
Published Online: 2018
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A correctly installed monitoring well (MW) has its riser pipe sealed against the borehole wall. When a MW is poorly installed, there is some vertical leakage close to the riser pipe, which creates a hydraulic short circuit (HSC). A static water level is measured in the pipe, but it is not the piezometric level in the aquifer, which is unknown. The piezometric error is the difference between the piezometric level and the static level in the pipe. It yields other errors in determining flow directions, travel times, and well capture areas. The groundwater sampled in the monitored aquifer may be viewed as polluted, whereas it is locally polluted by the faulty MW. This article deals with pumping tests in confined aquifers, for which a poorly sealed MW yields biased drawdown and recovery data. A few solutions to detect an HSC have been proposed, using either a slug test or a pumping test coupled with a tracer test. This article presents two new solutions to detect an HSC: they provide first the piezometric error and then the correct values for drawdown data. The data of a pumping test near Moncton, NB, are used to illustrate the two solutions. They show also that the HSC detection helps to solve previous inconsistencies between different sets of values for transmissivity, T, and storativity, S, as obtained by usual methods for pumping and recovery when short-circuiting is ignored or unsuspected.
Chapuis, Robert P.
Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering, École Polytechnique, Montreal, QC
Department of Civil Engineering, Royal Military College, Kingston, ON
Stock #: GTJ20170032
Title Two Methods to Detect Poorly Sealed Monitoring Wells Using Pumping Test Data in a Confined Aquifer