ASTM D245-00(2002)e1

    Standard Practice for Establishing Structural Grades and Related Allowable Properties for Visually Graded Lumber


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice (1,2)² covers the basic principles for establishing related unit stresses and stiffness values for design with visually-graded solid sawn structural lumber. This practice starts with property values from clear wood specimens and includes necessary procedures for the formulation of structural grades of any desired strength ratio.

    1.2 The grading provisions used as illustrations herein are not intended to establish grades for purchase, but rather to show how stress-grading principles are applied. Detailed grading rules for commercial stress grades which serve as purchase specifications are established and published by agencies which formulate and maintain such rules and operate inspection facilities covering the various species.

    1.3 The material covered in this practice appears in the following order:

    Section
    Scope 1
    Significance and Use3
    Basic Principles of Strength Ratios4
    Estimation and Limitation of Growth Characteristics5
    Allowable Properties for Timber Design6
    Modification of Allowable Properties for Design Use7
    Example of Stress-Grade Development8

    1.4 The values given in parentheses are provided for information purposes only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D9 Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products

    D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber

    D2555 Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 79.040 (Wood, sawlogs and sawn timber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30103600(Structural products)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D0245-00R02E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM D245-00(2002)e1, Standard Practice for Establishing Structural Grades and Related Allowable Properties for Visually Graded Lumber, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2000, www.astm.org

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