Marine Fuels: Specifications, Testing, Purchase, and Use

    Standard Fee: $1295


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    San Francisco, CA

    9/23/2014 - 9/25/2014

    Number of Attendees


    Discounted Rate Early Bird Discount: ASTM automatically applies a discount of 10% when participants register 60 days prior to the start of the class.
    *After the early bird period expires, registrants are subject to standard pricing.


    About ASTM and Sponsoring Committee D02
    Organized in 1898, ASTM is one of the world's largest voluntary standards development organizations. ASTM standards have grown to be among the world's most widely used and accepted documents. The 82-volume Annual Book of ASTM Standards (available on CD ROM) contain 11,000 standards written by 34,000 members on our 140 technical committees. Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants developed the standards used in this course. For more information, contact David Bradley at (610) 832-9681 or go to our D02 technical committee page.


    On-Site Training Available
    ASTM can bring this course to your site! On-site training courses can also be tailored to meet your specific needs. For more information, please contact sales here or call 1-877-909-ASTM.


    About the Course
    This class explains how the properties of marine fuels affect fuel handling, combustion, and cost. It provides a detailed understanding of fuel quality requirements, and why they are necessary for good handling and combustion performance. Class interaction will be stressed by using practical examples of applications of the course material to past and current problems.


    Free ASTM Membership
    Attend this course and receive a FREE 1-year membership to ASTM International and Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. (Applies to new members only and may not be used to renew existing memberships)


    Attention: Professional Engineers
    If your state has a continuing education requirement for license renewal, ASTM training courses and ASTM membership can help you meet that requirement.


    Who Should Attend
    Supervisors and managers in laboratory operations; purchasing; fuel supply and handling; and quality control. Also for shipping company employees, and those dealing with the sale, purchase, trade, or use of marine fuels, who need a detailed understanding of fuel quality requirements and why they are necessary for good handling and combustion performance.

    (Not intended as a training course for lab technicians or those who run the tests, because it does not address detailed conduct of the various test methods.)


    Fee Includes
    * All Referenced Standards and Manuals
    * Course Notes
    * Transportation for Demonstrations
    * Certificate of Attendance and 2.1 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
    * Coffee Breaks


    Course Outline
    Registration is anytime between 7:30 and 8:00 AM on the first day of class. Class begins at 8:00 AM all three days and ends at 4:30 PM on the first two days. Following lunch on the third day, the class will tour a testing laboratory.

    Day 1
    Fuel Composition & Manufacture
    * Chemistry
    * Crude types
    * Refinery processing and effects on fuel quality
    * Marine fuel components (Blending of marine fuels)

    Quality Properties: Significance & Test Methods
    * Viscosity: handling, atomization
    * Handling properties: density, flash point, sediment, pour point, etc.
    * Compatibility
    * Asphaltenes, carbon residue, sulfur
    * Metal content
    * Ignition quality

    Fuel Classifications & Specifications
    * Nomenclature
    * ISO, ASTM, and CIMAC requirements
    * Sampling
    * Marine fuel testing services
    * Resolution

    Day 2
    Combustion
    * Theory
    * Heat Content
    * Efficiency

    Diesel Engines
    * Principles of operation
    * 2 stroke vs 4 stroke
    * Cross-head vs trunk piston
    * Ignition delay/fuel ignition properties

    Boilers

    Purchase of Fuels
    * Oil companies
    * Brokers and traders

    Flash Point/Flammability

    Day 3
    Fuel Handling and Pretreatment
    * Receipt and storage
    * Settling
    * Purification
    * Compatibility and stability
    * Preheating

    Fuel Delivery and Handling
    * Delivery methods
    * Sampling


    ASTM Standards Referenced
    Specification
    D 2069 Marine Fuels

    Test Methods
    D 93 Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
    D 95 Water in Petroleum Products & Bituminous Materials by Distillation
    D 97 Pour Point of Petroleum Products
    D 189 Conradson Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products
    D 445 Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent & Opaque Liquids
    D 482 Ash from Petroleum Products
    D 976 Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels
    D 4294 Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    D 4530 Determination of Carbon Residue (Micro-Method)
    D 4737 Calculated Cetane Index by Four Variable Equation
    D 4870 Total Sediment in Residue Fuels

    Practices
    D 1298 Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum & Liq. Petrol. Prods by Hydrometer Method

    CIMAC Std.-Rec. 11, Fuel Req. for Diesel Eng.


    About the Instructor
    ROBERT BERNER, marine fuels and lubricants consultant, has 45 years of experience in the marine fuels research and technical service. He served in the American Merchant Marine, holds a Chief Engineers license, worked for Esso International's Tanker Department as a Repair Superintendent, served in the Exxon International Marketing Department, Industrial and Wholesale Division, and was responsible for Exxon's marine fuels sales including product quality, claim dispute resolution, and policy implementation. Following his retirement from Exxon, Berner served as sales director for a bunker dot com company. He has a Bachelor of Engineering in Marine Engineering from the State University of New York Maritime College and a Masters of Business in Management and Finance from Fairleigh Dickinson University.