ASTM G99 - 05(2010)

    Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus

    Active Standard ASTM G99 | Developed by Subcommittee: G02.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    ASTM G99

    Significance and Use

    The amount of wear in any system will, in general, depend upon the number of system factors such as the applied load, machine characteristics, sliding speed, sliding distance, the environment, and the material properties. The value of any wear test method lies in predicting the relative ranking of material combinations. Since the pin-on-disk test method does not attempt to duplicate all the conditions that may be experienced in service (for example; lubrication, load, pressure, contact geometry, removal of wear debris, and presence of corrosive environment), there is no insurance that the test will predict the wear rate of a given material under conditions differing from those in the test.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a laboratory procedure for determining the wear of materials during sliding using a pin-on-disk apparatus. Materials are tested in pairs under nominally non-abrasive conditions. The principal areas of experimental attention in using this type of apparatus to measure wear are described. The coefficient of friction may also be determined.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion

    G117 Guide for Calculating and Reporting Measures of Precision Using Data from Interlaboratory Wear or Erosion Tests

    DIN Standard

    DIN50324 Testing of Friction and Wear


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/G0099-05R10

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