Significance and Use
Corrosion test results often show more scatter than many other types of tests because of a variety of factors, including the fact that minor impurities often play a decisive role in controlling corrosion rates. Statistical analysis can be very helpful in allowing investigators to interpret such results, especially in determining when test results differ from one another significantly. This can be a difficult task when a variety of materials are under test, but statistical methods provide a rational approach to this problem.
Modern data reduction programs in combination with computers have allowed sophisticated statistical analyses on data sets with relative ease. This capability permits investigators to determine if associations exist between many variables and, if so, to develop quantitative expressions relating the variables.
Statistical evaluation is a necessary step in the analysis of results from any procedure which provides quantitative information. This analysis allows confidence intervals to be estimated from the measured results.
1.1 This guide covers and presents briefly some generally accepted methods of statistical analyses which are useful in the interpretation of corrosion test results.
1.2 This guide does not cover detailed calculations and methods, but rather covers a range of approaches which have found application in corrosion testing.
1.3 Only those statistical methods that have found wide acceptance in corrosion testing have been considered in this guide.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
G46 Guide for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion
analysis of variance; corrosion data; curve fitting; statistical analysis; statistical tests; Corrosion; Corrosion--metals/alloys; Data analysis--corrosion; Normally distributed data; Statistical methods--metals/alloys
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Citing ASTM Standards
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