ASTM F3016 / F3016M - 14

    Standard Test Method for Surrogate Testing of Vehicle Impact Protective Devices at Low Speeds

    Active Standard ASTM F3016 / F3016M | Developed by Subcommittee: F12.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.08


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method provides a procedure to establish a penetration rating for vehicle protective devices subjected to low-speed vehicle impact. Knowing the penetration rating provides the end user with the ability to select an appropriate protective device for site-specific conditions.

    5.2 The protective device penetration rating does not imply that a device will perform as rated in all site conditions, approach routes, and topography. Also, this test method requires that the specimen only be tested at a specific impact location and, therefore, not all locations of impact can be tested and validated for a penetration rating. Other impact locations may provide different penetration ratings.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a range of impact speeds to be used with a 22 250-N [5000 lb] surrogate test vehicle. This test method establishes a range for penetration performance ratings. End users will be responsible for identifying the appropriate vehicle impact speed and penetration performance ratings in this test method to satisfy their specific needs.

    1.1.1 In addition, end users may assign certification ratings for vehicle protective devices based on the test methodologies described herein. Test parameters are standardized to arrive at a common vehicle weight, enhance test realism and replication, and produce uniform rating designations.

    1.2 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    AASHTO Standard

    MASH Manual for Assessing and Safety Hardware

    T099 Standard Method of Test for Moisture-Density Relations of Soils Using a 2.5-kg [5.5-lb] Rammer and a 305-mm [12-in.] Drop

    ISO Standard

    ISO/IEC 17025 General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories

    SAE Standards

    J211–1 Instrumentation for Impact Test--Part 1: Electronic Instrumentation

    J211–2 Instrumentation for Impact Test--Part 2: Photographic Instrumentation

    ASTM Standards

    C31/C31M Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Field

    C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens

    C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates

    D2487 Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)

    F2656 Test Method for Vehicle Crash Testing of Perimeter Barriers


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/F3016_F3016M-14

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    Citation Format

    ASTM F3016 / F3016M-14, Standard Test Method for Surrogate Testing of Vehicle Impact Protective Devices at Low Speeds, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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