ASTM F2461 - 09

    Standard Practice for Manufacture, Construction, Operation, and Maintenance of Aquatic Play Equipment

    Active Standard ASTM F2461 | Developed by Subcommittee: F24.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.07


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers information for manufacture, construction, operations and maintenance of aquatic play equipment and provides safety performance standards for various types of public aquatic play components and aquatic play composite structures.

    1.2 Inclusions:

    1.2.1 Climbable and climb-resistant aquatic play components, composite aquatic play structures, user controls, water sprays, fountains, and slides that occur on wet decks and wading, swimming or leisure pools. The play components specified herein occur for use in aquatic play areas.

    1.2.2 Play equipment, fall zones, use zones for wet decks, wading pools, swimming pools and leisure pools.

    1.2.3 This standard is intended to apply to Aquatic Play Equipment that is located in and around re- circulated and potable water recreational facilities. Such facilities include but are not limited to amusement parks, theme parks, water parks, family entertainment centers, municipal swimming pools and municipal parks.

    1.2.4 Waterslides 6 ft in height or smaller.

    1.3 Exclusions:

    1.3.1 Playground equipment that does not have an entry or an exit onto or into a wet deck, wading pool, swimming pool or aquatic recreation pool.

    1.3.2 Home playground or home pool equipment or play equipment as scoped in Consumer Safety Performance Specification F 1148 and ANSI/NSPI-5.

    1.3.3 Waterslides as scoped in Practice F 2376-08

    1.3.4 Flotation devices used on water slides or in swimming pools.

    1.3.5 Swimming pools as specified by ANSI/NSPI-1 or ANSI/IAF-9.

    1.3.6 Products or facility elements specifically designed to provide access to and from pools for people with disabilities.

    1.3.7 Water rides such as log flumes, raft rides, inner tube rides, waterslides or other attractions where the participant sits in a vehicle or is physically propelled or moved by or with water.

    1.3.8 Sports equipment, fitness equipment, and diving equipment.

    1.4 Compliance:

    1.4.1 Where water is indirectly or directly added or applied to Consumer Safety Performance Specification F 1487-07A play equipment, the equipment shall comply with this standard. Where a requirement for compliance to a section of the Consumer Safety Performance Specification F 1487-07A standard is required by this standard, the section number is preceded with the standard's designation.

    1.4.2 Soft contained play structures with aquatic play components shall comply with Safety Performance Specification F 1918-04 except as modified by this standard.

    1.4.3 Aquatic play components and composite play structures represented, as complying with this safety performance standard shall meet all applicable requirements specified herein. Anyone representing compliance with this standard shall keep such essential records as are necessary to document any claim that the requirements within this standard have been met.

    1.5 This standard includes the following sections:

    ScopeSection 1
    Referenced DocumentsSection 2
    TerminologySection 3
    Manufacturing and MaterialsSection 4
    DesignSection 5
    Performance RequirementsSection 6
    Operator ResponsibilitiesSection 7
    Manufacturer/Designer
    Responsibilities
    Section 8
    Installer ResponsibilitiesSection 9

    1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. (The conversion factor from inch-pound to metric units is 1 in. = 25.4 mm, and 1 lb = 4.4482 N.)

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Standards

    NFPA70 National Electric Code (NEC) Available from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, http://www.nfpa.org.

    ASTM Standards

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F853 Practice for Maintenance Procedures for Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment

    F1487 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

    F1918 Safety Performance Specification for Soft Contained Play Equipment

    F2291 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2376 Practice for Classification, Design, Manufacture, Construction, and Operation of Water Slide Systems

    ANSI Standards

    ANSI/NSPI-5 American National Standard for Residential Inground Swimming Pools


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.220.10 (Sports facilities); 97.220.40 (Outdoor and water sports equipment)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/F2461-09

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