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Significance and Use
4.1 The purpose of this practice is to provide designers, engineers, manufacturers, owners, and operators with criteria and references for use in designing amusement rides and devices or a major modification for amusement rides or devices.
1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the design of amusement rides, devices and major modifications to amusement rides and devices manufactured after the effective date of publication except as noted in 1.2.
1.2 This practice shall not apply to:
1.2.1 Patron directed amusement rides or devices (for example, go karts, bumper cars, bumper boats),
1.2.2 Artificial climbing walls,
1.2.3 Air-supported structures,
1.2.4 dry slides,
1.2.5 coin operated rides,
1.2.6 Amusement rides or devices that involve the purposeful immersion of the patron's body partially or totally in the water and involves more than incidental patron water contact (for example, pools, water slides, lazy rivers, interactive aquatic play devices),
1.2.7 Amusement rides and devices whose design criteria are specifically addressed in another ASTM standard,
1.2.8 Portions of an amusement ride or device unaffected by a major modification,
1.2.9 Upgrades to electrical wiring, electrical motors and electrical components of amusement rides and devices provided the original design and safety criteria are maintained or enhanced, and
1.2.10 Pre-existing designs manufactured after the effective date of publication of this practice if the design is service proven or previously compliant and the manufacturer provides:
126.96.36.199 A historical summary of the amusement ride, device or major modification, and
188.8.131.52 A statement that the design is service proven or previously compliant as specified by Section 3.
184.108.40.206 Amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices may qualify as “previously compliant” for five years following the date of publication of this practice. Thereafter, amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices must qualify as “service proven” or meet the requirements of this practice.
1.3 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.
1.4 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth.) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Factory Mutual StandardFM6930 Flammability Classification of Industrial Fluids
Federal DocumentsFMVSSNo.213 Child Restraint Systems Available from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590, http://www.nhtsa.gov. USDA-72 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, The Wood Handbook--Wood As An Engineering Material, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.
F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices
F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures
F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices
F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices
ACI StandardsACI-301 Specifications for Structural Concrete ACI-318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI-318) and Commentary (318R)
AFPA, American Wood Council StandardNDS2005 National Design Specification for Wood Construction NDS National Design Standard for ASD Design
AISC ManualsAISC316 Manual on Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design (ASD) AISCM015 Manual on Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)
ANSI StandardsANSI/AISC360-05 Specifications for Structural Steel Buildings ANSIB11.TR3 Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction--A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate, and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools ANSIB77.1 Passenger Ropeways--Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors--Safety Requirements ANSIB93.114M Pneumatic Fluid Power--Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery ANSIY32.10 Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams
ASCE StandardASCE16 Standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Engineered Wood Construction ASCE7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures ASCE/SEI7-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
ASM DocumentsASMAtlasofFatigueCur ASMHandbookVolume19: Fatigue and Fracture
ASME StandardsASMEA17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators ASMEB15.1 Safety Standards for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus ASMEBoilerandPressur
AWS StandardsANSI/AWSD1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code--Steel ANSI/AWSD14.4 Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment
BSI StandardsBS5400-10 Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges--Code of Practice for Fatigue BS7608 Code of Practice for Fatigue Design and Assessment of Steel Structures
Building CodesInternationalBuildin Chapter 16, Structural Design NationalBuildingCode Companion-action load combinations
DIN StandardsDIN1055-100 Load combinations DIN1055 Actions on structures, Parts 1-7 DIN15018-1 Cranes; Steel Structures; Verification and Analyses Data DINEN1074 Valves for water supply - Fitness for purpose requirements and appropriate verification tests
EN StandardsEN1050 Safety of Machinery--Principles for Risk Assessment EN1991 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures EN1992 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete EN1993 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures EN1994 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures EN1995 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures EN280 Mobile Elevating Work Platforms--Design Calculations, Stability Criteria, Construction, Safety, Examinations, and Tests EN60947-1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear EN954-1 Safety of Machinery--Safety Related Parts of Control Systems--General Principles for Design
ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)
UNSPSC Code 90151700(Amusement parks)