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Significance and Use
4.1 With the rapid growth of the use of photovoltaic systems in buildings, roof mounted arrays continue to be one of the most prevalent forms of installations. These roof mounted arrays typically feature penetrations into the roof system, which can result in water leakage issues if not properly flashed or applied to the roof system.
4.2 Structural integrity and durability of the application of the roof mounted array to the roof system must be adequate per applicable codes and regulations. This applies to both the photovoltaic module-to-array mounting structure interface and the array mounting structure-to-roof interface.
4.3 The installation of roof mounted arrays presents certain hazards that must be addressed, which include fall protection, carrying loads up ladders, wind and rain exposure during installation, and electrical exposure during connections.
1.1 This practice details minimum requirements for the installation of roof mounted photovoltaic arrays on steep-sloped roofs with water-shedding roof coverings. These requirements include proper water-shedding integration with the roof system, material properties, flashing of roof penetrations, and sufficient anchoring per regional design load requirements.
1.3 Installation considerations are divided into two distinct aspects: the interface between the photovoltaic module and the array mounting structure, and the interface between the array mounting structure and the roof or roof structure.
1.4 Safety and hazard considerations unique to this application, such as worker fall protection, electrical exposure, accessibility of modules, and roof clearance around the perimeter of the array are addressed by other codes, standards, or authorities having jurisdiction.
1.6 This practice provides minimum guidelines and should be used in conjunction with module and mounting system manufacturers’ instructions. This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM Standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards are given in Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
D1761 Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood
E136 Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750C
E772 Terminology of Solar Energy Conversion
AAMA StandardsAAMA800 Voluntary Specifications and Test Methods for Sealants
IEC StandardsIEC61730–1(200 Photovoltaic (PV) Module Safety Qualification-Part One: Requirements for Construction
UL StandardsUL1703 Standard for Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules and Panels UL60950–1 Table J.1 Electrotechnical Potentials (V) UL746C Polymeric Materials--Use in Electrical Equipment Evaluations
Other StandardsIBCInternationalBuil IECInternationalElec IFCInternationalFire NDSNationalDesignSpe NFPA1 Fire Protection Code
ICS Number Code 27.160 (Solar energy engineering)
UNSPSC Code 25174100(Roof systems)