ASTM E2691 - 11

    Standard Practice for Job Productivity Measurement

    Active Standard ASTM E2691 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.81

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.12


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    Significance and Use

    JPM produces two measurements: construction production rate and productivity.

    JPM measures the overall production rate by comparing CPIP to the time elapsed in the construction schedule.

    JPM measures overall job productivity through a comparison of labor usage to a reference point.

    JPM issues early warning signals for construction.

    JPM identifies productivity deviations in the form of any gains or losses in productivity, and anomalies indicating a special cause, from the productivity reference point.

    JPM measures the productivity changes to individual building elements (according to the UNIFORMAT II format for organizing building data, in Classification E1557) with the same methodology used for overall job productivity measurement.

    JPM measures ongoing changes in labor usage.

    JPM measures productivity wherever the labor is used in construction by:

    Any contractor or construction manager directly or indirectly responsible for the productivity of the labor and its usage.

    Any contractor or construction manager conducting self performance on any portion of the construction job.

    Any contractor or construction manager supervising labor performance on any portion of a construction job.

    1. Scope

    1.1 Based on the UNIFORMAT II format for organizing building data, established in Classification E1557, and depending on the level where measurement is applied (industry, total job, or building element), JPM measures construction productivity at three levels: task, project, and industry (shown in Fig. 1). By comparing labor hours used against CPIP, JPM allows for unified measurement of established building elements (according to the UNIFORMAT II format. This practice establishes a process for measuring construction job productivity by comparing labor usage to CPIP.

    1.2 JPM measures labor productivity of the installation processes on a construction job.

    1.3 CPIP is measured with input from the labor performing the installation, utilizing elements of statistical process control (SPC) and industrial engineering.

    1.4 JPM takes into account the difficulty of installation at any given point on a job.

    1.5 JPM evaluates relative productivity changes using trend monitoring.


    FIG. 1 Measurement of Productivity at the Industry, Project, and Task Level


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E833 Terminology of Building Economics

    E1557 Classification for Building Elements and Related Sitework--UNIFORMAT II

    E1946 Practice for Measuring Cost Risk of Buildings and Building Systems and Other Constructed Projects

    E2166 Practice for Organizing and Managing Building Data

    E2587 Practice for Use of Control Charts in Statistical Process Control


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 03.100.30 (Management of human resources); 91.200 (Construction technology)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30000000(Structures and Building and Construction and Manufacturing Components and Supplies); 81120000(Economics)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2691-11

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