Significance and Use
Stem cells of hematopoietic origin are pluripotential and may be particularly sensitive to the effects of stimulation by nanoparticulate materials.
The effect of particles on macrophage responses has an extensive history and can be assessed by Practice F 1903. The test method described here will assess the effect on stem cells which can be progenitor cells to the macrophage line.
1.1 This test method provides a protocol for quantitative analysis of the effect of nanoparticulate materials in physiologic solution on granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units.
1.2 This test method employs murine bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells which proliferate and differentiate to form discrete cell clusters or colonies which are counted.
1.3 This test method is part of the in vitro preclinical characterization cascade for nanoparticulate materials for systemic administration in medical applications.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F1903 Practice for Testing For Biological Responses to Particles In Vitro
ANSI/AAMIST72 Bacterial Endotoxins--Test Methodologies, Routine Monitoring, and Alternatives to Batch Testing Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
bone marrow; CFU-GM; clonogenic assay; granulocyte; macrophage; myelosuppression; nanoparticles; preclinical development; stem cells;
ICS Number Code 07.100.10 (Medical microbiology)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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