Significance and Use
These test methods are primarily intended to test materials for compliance with compositional specifications and for monitoring. The determination of carbon and sulfur and acid neutralization potential in ores and related materials is necessary to classify ores for metallurgical processing and to classify waste materials from the mining and processing of ores such as leach residues, waste rock, and tailings according to their potential to generate acid in the environment. This information is useful during mine development to assist in mining and mineral processing operations and for proper disposal of waste materials. These test methods are also used to speciate carbon and sulfur contents of metal-bearing ores and related materials so that acid-base accounting can be performed (that is, carbonate mineral acid neutralization potential (ANP) minus sulfide-sulfur mineral acid generation potential (AGP) = net calcium carbonate (NCC)). Additionally, the test method has utility to identify the amount of organic carbon contained in gold ores so that potential for preg robbing can be identified and rectified through established pretreatment methods prior to cyanidation. (Warning—Pyrolysis pretreatment at 550 °C has a potential to thermally decompose some carbonate minerals: (1) transition metal carbonates (for example, siderite, FeCO3, and rhodochrosite, MnCO3) decompose, yielding carbon dioxide, CO2, in the range of 220 °C to 520 °C; (2) calcite decomposes slightly between 300 °C and 500 °C, although most decomposition occurs above 550 °C; (3) dolomite decomposes at 800 °C to 900 °C (Hammack, 1994, p. 440). )
These test methods also may be used for the classification of rock to be used in construction, where the potential to generate acid under environmental conditions exists.
It is assumed that the users of these test methods will be trained analysts capable of performing common laboratory procedures skillfully and safely. It is expected that work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory and that proper waste disposal procedures will be followed. Appropriate quality control practices such as those described in Guide E882 must be followed.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of total carbon and sulfur and acid-base characteristics in metal bearing ores and related materials such as leach residues, tailings, and waste rock within the following ranges:
1.2 The quantitative ranges for the partial decomposition test methods are dependent on the mineralogy of the samples being tested. The user of these test methods is advised to conduct an interlaboratory study in accordance with Practice E1601 on the test methods selected for use at a particular mining site, in order to establish the quantitative ranges for these test methods on a site-specific basis.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1067 Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1976 Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively-Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
D5673 Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma--Mass Spectrometry
D5744 Test Method for Laboratory Weathering of Solid Materials Using a Humidity Cell
D6234 Test Method for Shake Extraction of Mining Waste by the Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
E882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory
E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
E1950 Practice for Reporting Results from Methods of Chemical Analysis
E2242 Test Method for Column Percolation Extraction of Mine Rock by the Meteoric Water Mobility Procedure
acid neutralization potential; carbonate carbon content; carbon content; net calcium carbonate content; ores; organic carbon content; related materials; sulfate sulfur content; sulfide sulfur content; sulfur content; tailings; leach residue; waste rock; Carbon content--metals/alloys; Chemical analysis--metals/alloys; Combustion infrared absorption spectrometry; Metal-bearing ores; Spectrometry; Sulfur--metals/alloys; Tailings; Total carbon (TC);
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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