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Significance and Use
This test method is used to estimate the amount of volatile materials present in a material.
This test method is useful for design purposes, service evaluation, regulatory statutes, manufacturing control, quality control, specification acceptance, development, and research.
The results obtained by this test method may be equivalent to those obtained by other test methods and may be known by other terms in their respective fields. Other tests and terms encountered include loss-on-heating (see Footnote and Test Methods D6, D2288, and E359); heating loss (see Test Method D1509); evaporative loss (see Test Method D2595); volatile organic carbon, moisture, or water (see Test Methods D2216 and D3175); volatility (see Test Method D4893); highly volatile matter (see Test Method E897); and volatile content (see Guide D2832).
1.1 This test method describes a procedure for determining the amount of volatile matter of any kind that is driven off from a test specimen under a specific set of temperature and time conditions. This test method determines only the mass of material lost, not its identity.
1.2 This test method is applicable to a wide variety of solid or liquid materials, mixtures, or blends where the major component is stable at the test temperature.
Note 1—This test method can be applied to the analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOC) content in metalworking fluids and direct contact lubricants subject to South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1144.
1.3 The applicable temperature range for this test method is generally between ambient temperature and 1000°C.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 There is no ISO method equivalent to this test standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D6 Test Method for Loss on Heating of Oil and Asphaltic Compounds
D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products
D1509 Test Methods for Carbon Black--Heating Loss
D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
D2288 Test Method for Weight Loss of Plasticizers on Heating
D2595 Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases Over Wide-Temperature Range
D2832 Guide for Determining Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Paint and Related Coatings
D3175 Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke
D4017 Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method
D4893 Test Method for Determination of Pitch Volatility
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E359 Test Methods for Analysis of Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate)
E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E897 Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
E1142 Terminology Relating to Thermophysical Properties
E1582 Practice for Calibration of Temperature Scale for Thermogravimetry
E1860 Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers
E2040 Test Method for Mass Scale Calibration of Thermogravimetric Analyzers
SCAQMD DocumentsRule1144 Metalworking Fluids and Direct-Contact Lubricants
ICS Number Code 71.040.40 (Chemical analysis)