ASTM E139 - 11

    Standard Test Methods for Conducting Creep, Creep-Rupture, and Stress-Rupture Tests of Metallic Materials

    Active Standard ASTM E139 | Developed by Subcommittee: E28.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.01


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    Significance and Use

    Rupture tests, properly interpreted, provide a measure of the ultimate load-carrying ability of a material as a function of time. Creep tests measure the load-carrying ability for limited deformations. The two tests complement each other in defining the load-carrying ability of a material. In selecting material and designing parts for service at elevated temperatures, the type of test data used will depend on the criterion of load-carrying ability that better defines the service usefulness of the material.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the amount of deformation as a function of time (creep test) and the measurement of the time for fracture to occur when sufficient force is present (rupture test) for materials when under constant tensile forces at constant temperature. It also includes the essential requirements for testing equipment. For information of assistance in determining the desirable number and duration of tests, reference should be made to the product specification.

    1.2 These test methods list the information which should be included in reports of tests. The intention is to ensure that all useful and readily available information is transmitted to interested parties. Reports receive special attention for the following reasons: (1) results from different, recognized procedures vary significantly; therefore, identification of methods used is important; (2) later studies to establish important variables are often hampered by the lack of detailed information in published reports; (3) the nature of prolonged tests often makes retest impractical, and at the same time makes it difficult to remain within the recommended variations of some controlled variables. A detailed report permits transmittal of test results without implying a degree of control which was not achieved.

    1.3 Tests on notched specimens are not included. These tests are addressed in Practice E292.

    1.4 Tests under conditions of short times are not included. These test methods are addressed in Test Methods E21.

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. ^REFERENCE:

    ASTM Standards:

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E74 Practice of Calibration of Force-Measuring Instruments for Verifying the Force Indication of Testing Machines

    E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E220 Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques

    E292 Test Methods for Conducting Time-for-Rupture Notch Tension Tests of Materials

    E633 Guide for Use of Thermocouples in Creep and Stress-Rupture Testing to 1800°F (1000°C) in Air

    E1012 Practice for Verification of Test Frame and Specimen Alignment Under Tensile and Compressive Axial Force Application


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E74 Practice of Calibration of Force-Measuring Instruments for Verifying the Force Indication of Testing Machines

    E83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Extensometer Systems

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E220 Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques

    E292 Test Methods for Conducting Time-for-Rupture Notch Tension Tests of Materials

    E633 Guide for Use of Thermocouples in Creep and Stress-Rupture Testing to 1800F (1000C) in Air

    E1012 Practice for Verification of Testing Frame and Specimen Alignment Under Tensile and Compressive Axial Force Application


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.10 (Mechanical testing of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41114606(Creep testers)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0139-11

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