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This specification establishes the testing and requirements of four types of engine coolant grade ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, including virgin glycols and those derived from the recycling of vehicle engine coolants and industrial source glycols. Types EG-1 and PG-1 cover glycols with sufficiently low limits on components to allow a blended coolant to meet most OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) specifications. These types will probably be virgin materials, although redistillation could produce a sufficiently pure product. Types EG-2 and PG-2 cover glycol that will be suitable for many coolants, and can either be redistilled or virgin. The commercial products shall be suitably sampled and tested, and shall conform accordingly to specified values of the following physical and chemical properties: clarity; color (Pt/Co scale); relative density; pH by volume in distilled water; acidity as acetic acid; composition by mass of individual glycols (including ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, and others); total composition by mass of all glycols; water content; glycol ester content; and the maximum content for nitrites, nitrates, phosphates, silicon, chloride, sulfate, boron, aluminum, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, lead, zinc, and iron.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers commercial products, engine coolant grade ethylene glycol and propylene glycol, including virgin glycols and those derived from the recycling of vehicle engine coolants and industrial source glycols.
1.2 Types EG-1 and PG-1 cover glycols with sufficiently low limits on components to allow a blended coolant to meet most OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) specifications. These types will probably be virgin materials, although redistillation could produce a sufficiently pure product. Types EG-2 and PG-2 cover glycol that will be suitable for many coolants. These types can be either redistilled or virgin.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1122 Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Engine Coolants By The Hydrometer
D1123 Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1287 Test Method for pH of Engine Coolants and Antirusts
D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D3634 Test Method for Trace Chloride Ion in Engine Coolants
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D5827 Test Method for Analysis of Engine Coolant for Chloride and Other Anions by Ion Chromatography
D5931 Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Aqueous Engine Coolants by Digital Density Meter
D6130 Test Method for Determination of Silicon and Other Elements in Engine Coolant by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
E202 Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
E394 Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method
ICS Number Code 71.080.60 (Alcohols. Ethers); 71.100.45 (Refrigerants and antifreezes)