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This specification covers butanol intended to be blended with gasoline at 1 to 12.5 volume % for use as an automotive spark-ignition engine fuel. It addresses performance requirements, workmanship, sampling, containers, sample handling, and test methods.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers butanol intended to be blended with gasoline at 1 to 12.5 volume % for use as an automotive spark-ignition engine fuel.
1.1.1 Butanol contains 22 mass % oxygen. The mass % of oxygen of a butanol blend with gasoline depends on the volume % of butanol blended, the density of the butanol isomer and the density of the base blendstock.
1.1.2 The maximum limit on blending is not a performance limit but a current regulatory limit in the United States.
1.2 This specification covers three butanol isomers:1-butanol, 2-butanol, and 2-methyl-1-propanol. This specification specifically excludes 2-methyl-2-propanol (that is, tert-butyl alcohol).
1.2.1 Tert-butyl alcohol has different physical properties (melting point, water miscibility) than the other three isomers.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)
D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D2622 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
D4052 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Liquids by Digital Density Meter
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4175 Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination
D4307 Practice for Preparation of Liquid Blends for Use as Analytical Standards
D4626 Practice for Calculation of Gas Chromatographic Response Factors
D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
D5453 Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Spark Ignition Engine Fuel, Diesel Engine Fuel, and Engine Oil by Ultraviolet Fluorescence
D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance
D7319 Test Method for Determination of Existent and Potential Sulfate and Inorganic Chloride in Fuel Ethanol and Butanol by Direct Injection Suppressed Ion Chromatography
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
ICS Number Code 71.080.10 (Aliphatic hydrocarbons); 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
UNSPSC Code 15101506(Gasoline or Petrol)
ASTM D7862-15, Standard Specification for Butanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top