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Significance and Use
5.1 The void volume of a carbon black expressed as a function of geometric mean pressure, VVGM, is a carbon black structure property. Structure is a generic term that is a function of the shape irregularity and deviation from sphericity of carbon black aggregates. The greater a carbon black resists compression by having substantial aggregate irregularity and non-sphericity, the greater the compressed volume and void volume. Also, the more that a carbon black resists compression, the greater the energy required to compress the sample per unit void volume.
5.2 Structure is a property that strongly influences the physical properties developed in carbon black-elastomer compounds for use in tires, mechanical rubber goods, and other manufactured rubber products. Structure measurements by OAN (Test Method D2414) and COAN (Test Method D3493), are based on oil absorption.
1.1 This test method covers a procedure to measure a carbon black structure property known as Void Volume at mean pressure. Compressed void volumes are obtained by measuring the compressed volume of a weighed sample in a cylindrical chamber as a function of pressure exerted by a movable piston. A profile of void volume as a function of pressure provides a means to assess carbon black structure at varying levels of density and aggregate reduction.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1799 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Packaged Shipments
D1900 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Bulk Shipments
D2414 Test Method for Carbon Black--Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
D3493 Test Method for Carbon Black--Oil Absorption Number of Compressed Sample (COAN)
D4821 Guide for Carbon Black--Validation of Test Method Precision and Bias
D6086 Test Method for Carbon Black--Void Volume (VV)
ICS Number Code 71.060.10 (Chemical elements)