ASTM D7823 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Level, Regulated Phthalates in Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Plastics by Thermal Desorption—Gas Chromatography/Mass Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D7823 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.03


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    ASTM D7823

    Significance and Use

    5.1 Identification and quantification of phthalates: DBP, BBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP, and DIDP are required for regulated articles. Regulations include: EU—Directive 2005/84/EC, US—Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008—section 108, Japan—Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry guideline No.336 (2010). This test method provides a procedure to identify and quantify regulated phthalates in PVC.

    5.2 Other techniques successfully used to separate and identify phthalates in PVC include GC/MS, HPLC/UV, HPLC/MS, FTIR, and GC/FID (flame ionization detector).

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a procedure to identify and quantify six phthalates by thermal desorption (TD) gas chromatography (GC) mass spectrometry (MS). The phthalates are BBP, DBP, DEHP, DNOP, DINP and DIDP.

    Note 1The method can be extended to include other phthalates.

    1.2 Within the context of this method, “low level” is defined as 1000 ppm.

    1.3 The values in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.4 This test method includes references, notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in the tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of this method.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 2There is no known ISO equivalent to this test method.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D3465 Test Method for Purity of Monomeric Plasticizers by Gas Chromatography

    D7083 Practice for Determination of Monomeric Plasticizers in Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) by Gas Chromatography

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E594 Practice for Testing Flame Ionization Detectors Used in Gas or Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

    IEEE/ASTMSI‐10 Practice for Use of the International System of Units (SI), the Modernized Metric System


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.040.30 (Auxiliary materials and additives for plastics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13111025(Polyvinyl chloride resin)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7823-13

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    ASTM D7823

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