ASTM D7765 - 12

    Standard Practice for Use of Foundry Sand in Structural Fill and Embankments

    Active Standard ASTM D7765 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.14

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.09


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 4 $37.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 4 $37.00   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    4.1 Earthwork associated with highway construction provides an opportunity for high volume reuse of green foundry sands discarded by the foundry industry. This practice covers methods and recommendations to use of foundry sand as embankment and structural fill.

    4.2 This practice describes the unique construction considerations that may apply to foundry sands. The behavior may vary due to specific composition of the material and local conditions.

    4.3 The use of foundry sand in embankment and structural fill may be regulated by state and local codes. These codes should be consulted.

    4.4 This practice is intended for use with green foundry sands where bentonite is used as the binder. It may not be applicable for chemically bonded foundry sands.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers methods to use foundry sand as embankment and structural fill.

    1.2 It includes recommended construction (Section 5), compaction control (Section 6), and freeze-thaw durability (Section 7) practices.

    1.3 The engineer should be aware that foundry sand is a by-product of metal casting industries. Various state, county, and local environmental laws and regulations may apply if foundry sand is used as an alternative embankment or fill material. It is advised that foundry sand users contact state, county, and local environmental regulators to determine what requirements or limitations may exist.

    1.4 This standard applies to both green foundry sand and chemically bonded foundry sand.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C837 Test Method for Methylene Blue Index of Clay

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D698 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))

    D1556 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method

    D1557 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))

    D1883 Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory-Compacted Soils

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D2974 Test Methods for Moisture, Ash, and Organic Matter of Peat and Other Organic Soils

    D4327 Test Method for Anions in Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography

    D5080 Test Method for Rapid Determination of Percent Compaction

    D5918 Test Methods for Frost Heave and Thaw Weakening Susceptibility of Soils

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    D6938 Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)

    G51 Test Method for Measuring pH of Soil for Use in Corrosion Testing

    G187 Test Method for Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Two-Electrode Soil Box Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.180 (Equipment for the metallurgical industry)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11111700(Sand)


    DOI: 10.1520/D7765-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D7765

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top