ASTM D6931 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Indirect Tensile (IDT) Strength of Bituminous Mixtures

    Active Standard ASTM D6931 | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.26

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    The values of IDT strength may be used to evaluate the relative quality of bituminous mixtures in conjunction with laboratory mix design testing and for estimating the potential for rutting or cracking. The results can also be used to determine the potential for field pavement moisture damage when results are obtained on both moisture-conditioned and unconditioned specimens.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers procedures for preparing and testing laboratory-fabricated or field-recovered cores of bituminous mixtures to determine the Indirect Tensile (IDT) Strength.

    1.2 The within-laboratory repeatability standard deviation, for the recommended rate of loading (50 mm/min) and test temperature (25ºC), has been determined to be 80 kPa for 101.6 mm diameter specimens, based on 28 labs using either 2 or 4 test replicates with 11 different mix samples. Additional data is provided in Table 1 for the users information. The between-laboratory reproducibility of this test method is being determined and will be available on or before August 2012. Therefore, this test method should not be used for acceptance or rejection of materials for purchasing purposes.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Source of DataNumber
    of
    Replicates
    Specimen
    Diameter
    (mm)
    Loading
    Rate
    (mm/min)
    Test
    Temperature
    (°C)
    Average
    Strength
    (kPa)
    Standard
    Deviation
    Strength
    (kPa)
    d2s
    (2.83×SE)
    (kPa)
    Standard
    Deviation
    Strength
    (% mean)
    d2s
    (2.83×SE)
    (% mean)
    Anderson and
    McGennisA
    315012.5-1028702005667.019.8
    N CHRP
    Report 530B
    315012.5-10---92232
    (4 aggregate types;
    4 binders)
    215012.5-10---11
    (nom max size:
    9.5 mm to 25 mm)
    Solaimanian and
    KennedyCdry
    41005025-103292
    moisture-conditioned5025-83234
    (9 labs; 3 aggregate
    types; 2 binders)
    Test Method D4867/D4867M
    (dry or conditioned)
    21005025-55159
    (19 labs;
    5 mixtures)
    Suggested Single
    Lab Precision
    502580

    A R. M. Anderson and R. B. McGennis, Ruggedness Evaluation of AASHTO TP7 and TP9, Phase I, FHWA HIPT (Task J), Federal Highway Administration, November 1998.

    B W. Christensen and R. F. Bonaquist, Evaluation of Indirect Tensile Test (IDT) Procedures for Low-Temperature Performance of Hot Mix Asphalt, NCHRP Report 530.

    C Solaimanian and T. W. Kennedy, Precision of the Moisture Susceptibility Test Method TEX-531-C, Project Summary Report 4909-S, November 2000.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1074 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures

    D1561 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor

    D3387 Test Method for Compaction and Shear Properties of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of the U.S. Corps of Engineers Gyratory Testing Machine (GTM)

    D3496 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Specimens for Dynamic Modulus Testing

    D3549 Test Method for Thickness or Height of Compacted Bituminous Paving Mixture Specimens

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    D4013 Practice for Preparation of Test Specimens of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Gyratory Shear Compactor

    D4867/D4867M Test Method for Effect of Moisture on Asphalt Concrete Paving Mixtures

    D5581 Test Method for Resistance to Plastic Flow of Bituminous Mixtures Using Marshall Apparatus (6 inch-Diameter Specimen)

    D6925 Test Method for Preparation and Determination of the Relative Density of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor

    D6926 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Specimens Using Marshall Apparatus

    D6927 Test Method for Marshall Stability and Flow of Bituminous Mixtures

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    AASHTO Standards

    AASHTOT312 Standard Method for Preparing and Determining the Density of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives)


    DOI: 10.1520/D6931-12

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