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Significance and Use
The values of IDT strength may be used to evaluate the relative quality of bituminous mixtures in conjunction with laboratory mix design testing and for estimating the potential for rutting or cracking. The results can also be used to determine the potential for field pavement moisture damage when results are obtained on both moisture-conditioned and unconditioned specimens.
1.1 This test method covers procedures for preparing and testing laboratory-fabricated or field-recovered cores of bituminous mixtures to determine the Indirect Tensile (IDT) Strength.
1.2 The within-laboratory repeatability standard deviation, for the recommended rate of loading (50 mm/min) and test temperature (25ºC), has been determined to be 80 kPa for 101.6 mm diameter specimens, based on 28 labs using either 2 or 4 test replicates with 11 different mix samples. Additional data is provided in Table 1 for the user’s information. The between-laboratory reproducibility of this test method is being determined and will be available on or before August 2012. Therefore, this test method should not be used for acceptance or rejection of materials for purchasing purposes.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
|Source of Data||Number|
|(4 aggregate types;|
|(nom max size:|
9.5 mm to 25 mm)
|(9 labs; 3 aggregate|
types; 2 binders)
|Test Method D4867/D4867M|
(dry or conditioned)
A R. M. Anderson and R. B. McGennis, “Ruggedness Evaluation of AASHTO TP7 and TP9,” Phase I, FHWA HIPT (Task J), Federal Highway Administration, November 1998.
B W. Christensen and R. F. Bonaquist, “Evaluation of Indirect Tensile Test (IDT) Procedures for Low-Temperature Performance of Hot Mix Asphalt,” NCHRP Report 530.
C Solaimanian and T. W. Kennedy, “Precision of the Moisture Susceptibility Test Method TEX-531-C,” Project Summary Report 4909-S, November 2000.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1074 Test Method for Compressive Strength of Bituminous Mixtures
D1561 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Test Specimens by Means of California Kneading Compactor
D3387 Test Method for Compaction and Shear Properties of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of the U.S. Corps of Engineers Gyratory Testing Machine (GTM)
D3496 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Mixture Specimens for Dynamic Modulus Testing
D3549 Test Method for Thickness or Height of Compacted Bituminous Paving Mixture Specimens
D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials
D4013 Practice for Preparation of Test Specimens of Bituminous Mixtures by Means of Gyratory Shear Compactor
D4867/D4867M Test Method for Effect of Moisture on Asphalt Concrete Paving Mixtures
D5581 Test Method for Resistance to Plastic Flow of Bituminous Mixtures Using Marshall Apparatus (6 inch-Diameter Specimen)
D6925 Test Method for Preparation and Determination of the Relative Density of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor
D6926 Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Specimens Using Marshall Apparatus
D6927 Test Method for Marshall Stability and Flow of Bituminous Mixtures
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
AASHTO StandardsAASHTOT312 Standard Method for Preparing and Determining the Density of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Specimens by Means of the Superpave Gyratory Compactor
ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)
UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives)