Significance and Use
The oxyhalides chlorite, chlorate, and bromate are inorganic disinfection by-products (DBPs) of considerable health risk concern worldwide. The occurrence of chlorite and chlorate is associated with the use of chlorine dioxide, as well as hypochlorite solutions used for drinking water disinfection. The occurrence of bromate is associated with the use of ozone for disinfection, wherein naturally occurring bromide is oxidized to bromate. Bromide is a naturally occurring precursor to the formation of bromate.
1.1 This multi-test method covers the determination of the oxyhalideschlorite, bromate, and chlorate, and bromide, in raw water, finished drinking water and bottled (non-carbonated) water by chemically and electrolytically suppressed ion chromatography. The ranges tested using this method for each analyte were as follows:
|Test Method A:|
Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
|8 to 19|
| Chlorite||5 to 500 µg/L|
| Bromate||1 to 25 µg/L|
| Bromide||5 to 250 µg/L|
| Chlorate||5 to 500 µg/L|
|Test Method B:|
Electrolytically Suppressed Ion Chromatography
|20 to 30|
| Chlorite||20 to 1000 µg/L|
| Bromate||1 to 30 µg/L|
| Bromide||20 to 200 µg/L|
| Chlorate||20 to 1000 µg/L|
1.1.1 The upper limits may be extended by appropriate sample dilution or by the use of a smaller injection volume. Other ions of interest, such as fluoride, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, and sulfate may also be determined using this method. However, analysis of these ions is not the object of this test method.
1.2 It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of these test methods for waters of untested matrices.
1.3 This test method is technically equivalent with Part B of U.S. EPA Method 300.1 , titled “The Determination of Inorganic Anions in Drinking Water by Ion Chromatography”.
1.4 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water
D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples
D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis
bottled and finished drinking water; bromate; bromide; chemical suppression; chlorate; chlorite; ion chromatography; raw water; sample preservation[fixwid]>; Ion chromatography (IC); Bromate content; Bromide content; Chemically-suppressed ion chromatography (IC); Chlorite content; Drinking water
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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