ASTM D6581 - 12

    Standard Test Methods for Bromate, Bromide, Chlorate, and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D6581 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The oxyhalides chlorite, chlorate, and bromate are inorganic disinfection by-products (DBPs) of considerable health risk concern worldwide. The occurrence of chlorite and chlorate is associated with the use of chlorine dioxide, as well as hypochlorite solutions used for drinking water disinfection. The occurrence of bromate is associated with the use of ozone for disinfection, wherein naturally occurring bromide is oxidized to bromate. Bromide is a naturally occurring precursor to the formation of bromate.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These multi-test methods cover the determination of the oxyhalides—chlorite, bromate, and chlorate, and bromide, in raw water, finished drinking water and bottled (non-carbonated) water by chemically and electrolytically suppressed ion chromatography. The ranges tested using these test methods for each analyte were as follows:

     

    Range

    Sections

    Test Method A:
    Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography

     

    8 to 20

     Chlorite

    5 to 500 µg/L

     

     Bromate

    1 to 25 µg/L

     

     Bromide

    5 to 250 µg/L

     

     Chlorate

    5 to 500 µg/L

     

    Test Method B:
    Electrolytically Suppressed Ion Chromatography

     

    21 to 31

     Chlorite

    20 to 1000 µg/L

     

     Bromate

    1 to 30 µg/L

     

     Bromide

    20 to 200 µg/L

     

     Chlorate

    20 to 1000 µg/L

     


    1.1.1 The upper limits may be extended by appropriate sample dilution or by the use of a smaller injection volume. Other ions of interest, such as fluoride, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate, and sulfate may also be determined using these test methods. However, analysis of these ions is not the object of these test methods.

    1.2 It is the user’s responsibility to ensure the validity of these test methods for waters of untested matrices.

    1.3 These test methods are technically equivalent with Part B of U.S. EPA Method 300.1,2 titled “The Determination of Inorganic Anions in Drinking Water by Ion Chromatography.”

    1.4 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water

    D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D6581

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D6581-12, Standard Test Methods for Bromate, Bromide, Chlorate, and Chlorite in Drinking Water by Suppressed Ion Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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