ASTM D5228 - 92(2010)

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Butane Working Capacity of Activated Carbon

    Active Standard ASTM D5228 | Developed by Subcommittee: D28.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.01


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    Significance and Use

    The BWC, as determined by this test method, is a measure of the ability of an activated carbon to adsorb and desorb butane from dry air under specified conditions. It is useful for quality control and evaluation of granular activated carbons that are used in applications where the adsorption of butane and desorption with dry air are of interest. The BWC can also provide a relative measure of the effectiveness of the tested activated carbons on other adsorbates.

    The butane activity and retentivity can also be determined under the conditions of the test. The butane activity is an indication of the micropore volume of the activated carbon sample. The butane retentivity is an indication of the pore structure of the activated carbon sample.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the butane working capacity (BWC) of new granular activated carbon. The BWC is defined as the difference between the butane adsorbed at saturation and the butane retained per unit volume of carbon after a specified purge. The test method also produces a butane activity value that is defined as the total amount of butane adsorbed on the carbon sample and is expressed as a mass of butane per unit weight or volume of carbon.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific hazard statement, see 7.1.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2652 Terminology Relating to Activated Carbon

    D2854 Test Method for Apparent Density of Activated Carbon

    D2867 Test Methods for Moisture in Activated Carbon

    D3195 Practice for Rotameter Calibration

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.30 (Chemical reagents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101522(Activated carbon)


    DOI: 10.1520/D5228-92R10

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