ASTM D4829 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils

    Active Standard ASTM D4829 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.08


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    Significance and Use

    The expansion index, EI, provides an indication of swelling potential of a compacted soil.

    The EI test is not used to duplicate any particular field conditions such as soil density, water content, loading, in-place soil structure, or soil water chemistry. However, consistent test conditions are used in preparation of compacted specimens such that direct correlation of data can be made between organizations.

    Note 1—Qualitative classification of potential expansion in a soil based on EI is provided in Table 1.

    Note 2—Notwithstanding the statements on precision and bias contained in this test method: The precision of this test method is dependent on the competence of the personnel performing it and the suitability of the equipment and facilities used. Agencies which meet the criteria of Practice D 3740 are generally considered capable of competent testing. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Practice D 3740 does not ensure reliable testing. Reliable testing depends on several factors; Practice D 3740 provides a means of evaluating some of those factors.

    TABLE 1 Classification of Potential Expansion of Soils Using EI

    Expansion Index, EIPotential
    Expansion
    020Very Low
    2150Low
    5190Medium
    91130High
    >130Very High

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method allows for determination of expansion potential of compacted soils when inundated with distilled water.

    1.2 This test method provides a simple yet sensitive method for determination of expansion potential of compacted soils for practical engineering applications using an index parameter.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in inch-pound units are approximate.

    1.4 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026.

    1.4.1 The method used to specify how data are collected, calculated, or recorded in this standard is not directly related to the accuracy to which the data can be applied in design or other uses, or both. How one applies the results obtained using this standard is beyond its scope.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D698 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))

    D854 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D2435 Test Methods for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils Using Incremental Loading

    D3740 Practice for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Engaged in Testing and/or Inspection of Soil and Rock as Used in Engineering Design and Construction

    D3877 Test Methods for One-Dimensional Expansion, Shrinkage, and Uplift Pressure of Soil-Lime Mixtures

    D4546 Test Methods for One-Dimensional Swell or Collapse of Cohesive Soils

    D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing

    D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data

    E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves

    E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 93.020 (Earth works. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11111800(Clays)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D4829-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D4829-11, Standard Test Method for Expansion Index of Soils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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